Saline water intrusion from deep artesian sources in McGregor Isles area of Lee County, Florida

Sproul, C.R. and Boggess, D.H. and Woodard, H.J. (1972) Saline water intrusion from deep artesian sources in McGregor Isles area of Lee County, Florida. Tallahassee, FL, Florida Geological Survey, (Information circular - Florida Geological Survey, 75)

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Upward leakage of saline water from an artesian aquifer below 1,500 feet has caused an increase in chloride concentration in the lower Hawthorn aquifer from less than 1,000 mg/1 (milligrams per liter) to values ranging from about 1,300 to 15,000 mg/1. Similarly the higher temperatures of the intruding water has caused an increase in water temperatures in the aquifer from 82"F to values ranging from 83 to 93"F. The intruding water moves upward either through the open bore hole of deep wells or test holes, or along a fault or fracture system, which has been identified in the area. From these points of entry into the lower Hawthorn aquifer, the saline water spreads laterally toward the south and southeast, but is generally confined to components of the fault system. The saline water moves upward from the lower Hawthorn aquifer into the upper Hawthorn aquifer through the open bore hole of wells, which connect the aquifers. This movement has resulted in an increase in chloride from less than 200 mg/1 in the unaffected parts of the upper Hawthorn aquifer to values commonly ranging from about 300 to more than 3,000 mg/1 in parts of the aquifer affected by upward leakage. The upper Hawthorn aquifer is the principal source of ground-water supply for public water-supply systems in western Lee County. Similar effects have been noted in the water-table aquifer, where chloride increased from less than 100 to concentrations ranging from about 500 to more than 5,000 mg/1. This was caused by the downward infiltration of water discharged at land surface from wells tapping the lower Hawthorn aquifer. The spread of saline water throughout most of the McGregor Isles area is continuing as of 1971. (40 page document)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Saline water intrusion from deep artesian sources in McGregor Isles area of Lee County, Florida
Personal Creator/Author:
Sproul, C.R.
Boggess, D.H.
Woodard, H.J.
Series Name: Information circular - Florida Geological Survey
Number: 75
Date: 1972
Publisher: Florida Geological Survey
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, FL
Issuing Agency: Florida Geological Survey
Uncontrolled Keywords: saline intrustion; Florida; Lee County
Subjects: Oceanography
Earth Sciences
Item ID: 1206
Depositing User: Stephanie Haas
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2008 23:48
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 20:58

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