Observations of the biological communities at Bolsa Chica artificial reef

Bedford, D. and Tarpley, J. and Palmer-Zwahlen, M. (1992) Observations of the biological communities at Bolsa Chica artificial reef. California Department of Fish and Game,

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Abstract

Bolsa Chica Artificial Reef (BCAR) was constructed in November 1986 with 10,400 tons of concrete rubble and eight concrete and steel barges. Prior to any additional augmentation of BCAR, the u.s. Army Corps of Engineers and the California Coastal Commission required the California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG) to survey the bioloqical communities on and around BCAR. In April 1992, qualitative surveys of the biological communities were conducted on one of the eight modules at BCAR and at a nearby sand-only site. One of the modules, Module D, located in 90 feet of water (MLLW), was surveyed for fish, macroinvertebrates, and turf community organisms (small plants and sessile animals). Twelve species of fish were observed, including kelp bass (Paralabrax clathratus) and barred sand bass (P. nebulifer). Eight macroinvertebrate species were observed, rock scallops (Crassedoma giganteum) being the most abundant. The turf community was comprised of thirteen invertebrate taxa, among which erect ectoprocts (Bugula spp.) were the most numerous. Two species of foliose red algae (Rhodymenia pacifica and Anisocladella pacifica) were also observed. The reef has reached an advanced stage of successional development with fish and invertebrate communities diverse and well established. However, due,.to its depth and the turbidity of surrounding waters, this reef is not likely to ever support a diverse algal community. The diversity and abundance of fish and macroinvertebrates were, as to be expected, much lower in the nearby sand-only site. Only two species of fish and seven macroinvertebrate species were observed. Of these, only the sea pen, Stylatula elongata, was common. Overall, when compared to nearby sand-only habitats, Bolsa Chica Artificial Reef appears to contribute substantially to the local biological productivity. In addition, the concrete rubble used in BCAR' s construction appears to be performing as well as the quarry rock used in all of CDFG's experimental reefs. (Document pdf contains 22 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Observations of the biological communities at Bolsa Chica artificial reef
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Bedford, D.
Tarpley, J.
Palmer-Zwahlen, M.
Date: 1992
Publisher: California Department of Fish and Game
Projects: Nearshore Sport Fish Habitat Enhancement Program
Issuing Agency: California Department of Fish and Game
Subjects: Management
Fisheries
Biology
Item ID: 1425
Depositing User: Joan Parker
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2008 13:02
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 20:36
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/1425

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