Nutrient Limitation of Periphyton in a Spring-Fed, Coastal Stream in Florida, USA.

Notestein, Sky K. and Frazer, T. K. and Hoyer, M. V. and Canfield, D. E. (2003) Nutrient Limitation of Periphyton in a Spring-Fed, Coastal Stream in Florida, USA. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 41, pp. 57-60.

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There is strong evidence to suggest that ground-water nitrate concentrations have increased in recent years and further increases are expected along portions of the central Gulf coast of Florida. Much of the nitrate enriched groundwater is discharged into surface waters through numerous freshwater springs that are characteristic of the area and the potential for eutrophication of their receiving waters is a legitimate concern. To test the potential effects of elevated nutrient concentrations on the periphyton community an in situ nutrient addition experiment was conducted in the spring-fed Chassahowitzka River, FL, USA, during the summer of 1999. Plastic tubes housing arrays of glass microscope slides were suspended in the stream. Periphyton colonizing the microscope slides was subjected to artificial increases in nitrogen, phosphorus or a combination of both. Slides from each tube were collected at 3- to 4- day intervals and the periphyton communities were measured for chlorophyll concentration. The addition of approximately 10 μg/L of phosphate above ambient concentrations significantly increased the amount of periphyton on artificial substrates relative to controls; the addition of approximately 100 μg/L of nitrate above ambient concentrations did not. The findings from this experiment implicated phosphorus, rather than nitrogen, as the nutrient that potentially limits periphyton growth in this system.(PDF contains 4 pages.)

Item Type: Article
Title: Nutrient Limitation of Periphyton in a Spring-Fed, Coastal Stream in Florida, USA.
Personal Creator/Author:
Notestein, Sky K.
Frazer, T. K.
Hoyer, M. V.
Canfield, D. E.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Aquatic Plant Management
Volume: 41
Page Range: pp. 57-60
Date: 2003
Latitude: 28.69
Longitude: -82.644
Issuing Agency: Aquatic Plant Management Society, Inc.
Additional Information: January 2003
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Bioassay, Eutrophication, Nutrient Enrichment; Chassahowitzka River; Florida; springs
Subjects: Management
Item ID: 1642
Depositing User: Stephanie Haas
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2008 01:12
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 20:15

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