Endothall species selectivity evaluation: northern latitude aquatic plant community

Skogerboe, J.G. and Getsinger, K.D. (2002) Endothall species selectivity evaluation: northern latitude aquatic plant community. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 40, pp. 1-5.

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Official URL: http://www.apms.org/japm/vol40/v40p1.pdf

Abstract

Species selectivity of the aquatic herbicide dipotassium salt of endothall (Aquathol® K) was evaluated on plant species typically found in northern latitude aquatic plant communities. Submersed species included Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum L.), curlyleaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus L.), Illinois pondweed (Potamogeton illinoensis Morong.), sago pondweed (Potamogeton pectinatus L.), coontail (Ceratophyllum demersum L.), elodea (Elodea canadensis Michx.) and wildcelery (Vallisneria americana L.). Emergent and floating-leaf plant species evaluated were cattail (Typha latifolia L.), smartweed (Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx.), pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata L.) and spatterdock (Nuphar advena Aiton). The submersed species evaluations were conducted in 7000 L mesocosm tanks, and treatment rates included 0, 0.5 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 mg/L active ingredient (ai) endothall (dipotassium salt of endothall). The exposure period consisted of a 24-h flow through half-life for 7 d. The cattail and smartweed evaluation was conducted in 860 L mesocosm tanks, and the spatterdock and pickerelweed evaluations were conducted in 1600 L mesocosm tanks. Treatment rates for the emergent and floating-leafed plant evaluations included 0, 0.5, 2.0 and 4.0 mg/L ai endothall, and the exposure period consisted of removing and replacing half the water from each tank, after each 24 h period for a duration of 120 h. Biomass samples were collected at 3 and 8 weeks after treatment (WAT). Endothall effectively controlled Eurasian watermilfoil and curlyleaf pondweed at all of the application rates, and no significant regrowth was observed at 8 WAT. Sago pondweed, wildcelery, and Illinois pondweed biomass were also significantly reduced following the endothall application, but regrowth was observed at 8 WAT. Coontail and elodea showed no effects from endothall application at the 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/L application rates, but coontail was controlled at 4.0 mg/L rate. Spatterdock, pickerelweed, cattail, and smartweed were not injured at any of the endothall application rates.

Item Type: Article
Title: Endothall species selectivity evaluation: northern latitude aquatic plant community
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Skogerboe, J.G.skoger@gte.net
Getsinger, K.D.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Aquatic Plant Management
Volume: 40
Page Range: pp. 1-5
Date: 2002
Issuing Agency: Aquatic Plant Management Society, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aquathol® K, aquatic herbicide selectivity, native aquatic plants, Myriophyllum spicatum, Potamogeton crispus, Potamogeton illinoensis, Potamogeton pectinatus, Ceratophyllum demersum, Elodea Canadensis, Vallisneria Americana, Typha latifolia, Polygonum hydropiperoides, Pontederia cordata, Nuphar advena.
Subjects: Management
Biology
Environment
Item ID: 1734
Depositing User: Sciences Librarian Peter Fritzler
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2008 11:19
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 20:09
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/1734

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