The influence of disparate levels of submersed aquatic vegetation on largemouth bass population characteristics in a Georgia reservoir

Brown, Stephen J. and Maceina, Michael J. (2002) The influence of disparate levels of submersed aquatic vegetation on largemouth bass population characteristics in a Georgia reservoir. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 40, pp. 28-35.

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Official URL: http://www.apms.org/japm/vol40/v40p28.pdf

Abstract

Population characteristics of largemouth bass (Micropterous salmoides L.) including growth, body condition (relative weight), size structure, survival, and fecundity were examined in relation to abundance of submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV) coverage (primarily hydrilla Hydrilla verticillata L.f. Royle) in three major embayments of Lake Seminole, Georgia. Relative weight, fecundity, and growth of large-mouth bass in the Spring Creek embayment (76% areal SAV coverage) was considerably less than measured in the Chattahoochee and Flint river arms that contained lower SAV coverages (26% and 32%). It took fish 1.8 years longer to reach 406 mm in Spring Creek compared to the Chattahoochee-Flint arms. Consequently, fish were smaller in Spring Creek than in the Chattahoochee-Flint arms. In addition, due to slower growth rates and lower fecundity-to-body weight relation, we predicted a 47% reduction in total potential ova production in Spring Creek compared to the other two reservoir embayments. The annual survival rate of 3 to 10 year old largemouth bass was higher in Spring Creek (84%) than in the Chattahoochee-Flint arms (72%) and suggested either lower harvest and/or lower accessibility of particularly larger fish to angling in dense vegetation. Contrary to our expectaions, the fit between number-at-age and age in a catch-curve regression was weaker for fish collected in Spring Creek and suggested greater recruitment variability has occurred over time in this highly vegetated embayment. In Lake Seminole, spatial differences in largemouth bass population characterstics were associated with disparate levels of SAV. Our data suggest that a reduction in hydrilla, but maintenance of an intermediate level of SAV in Spring Creek, should improve largermouth bass population in this arm of the reservoir.

Item Type: Article
Title: The influence of disparate levels of submersed aquatic vegetation on largemouth bass population characteristics in a Georgia reservoir
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Brown, Stephen J.
Maceina, Michael J.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Aquatic Plant Management
Volume: 40
Page Range: pp. 28-35
Date: 2002
Issuing Agency: Aquatic Plant Management Society, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Micropterus salmoides, reproduction, Hydrilla verticillata, growth, recruitment, survival.
Subjects: Management
Fisheries
Biology
Limnology
Item ID: 1751
Depositing User: Sciences Librarian Peter Fritzler
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2008 00:19
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 20:10
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/1751

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