Using Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Technologies to Detect and Map Two Aquatic Macrophytes

Everitt, J.H. and Yang, C. and Escobar, D.E. and Webster, C.F. and Lonard, R.I. and Davis, M.R. (1999) Using Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Technologies to Detect and Map Two Aquatic Macrophytes. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management, 37, pp. 71-80.

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Official URL: http://www.apms.org/japm/vol37/v37p71.pdf

Abstract

This paper describes the light reflectance characteristics ofwaterhyacinth [Eichhornia crassipes (Mort.) Solms] and hydrilla [Hydrilla verticillata (L.F.) Royle] and the application of airborned videography with global positioning system (GPS) and geographic information system (GIS) technologies for distinguishing and mapping the distribution of these two aquatic weeds in waterways of southern Texas. Field reflectance measurements made at several locations showed that waterhyacinth generally had higher near-infrared (NIR) reflectance than associated plant species and water. Hydrilla had lower NIR reflectance than associated plant species and higher NIR reflectance than water. Reflectance measurements made on hydrilla plants submerged below the water surface had similar spectral characteristics to water. Waterhyacinth and hydrilla could be distinguished in color-infrared (CIR) video imagery where they had bright orange-red and reddish-brown image responses, respectively. Computer analysis of the imagery showed that waterhyacinth and hydrilla infestaions could be quantified. An accuracy assessment performed on the classified image showed an overall accuracy of 87.7%. Integration of the GPS with the video imagery permitted latitude/longitude coordinates of waterhyacinth and hydrilla infestation to be recorded on each image. A portion of the Rio Grande River in extreme southern Texas was flown with the video system to detect waterhyacinth and hydrilla infestaions. The GPS coordinates on the CIR video scenes depicting waterhyacinth and hydrilla infestations were entered into a GIS to map the distribution of these two noxious weeds in the Rio Grande River.

Item Type: Article
Title: Using Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Technologies to Detect and Map Two Aquatic Macrophytes
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Everitt, J.H.jeveritt@weslaco.ars.usda.gov
Yang, C.
Escobar, D.E.
Webster, C.F.
Lonard, R.I.
Davis, M.R.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Aquatic Plant Management
Volume: 37
Page Range: pp. 71-80
Date: 1999
Issuing Agency: Aquatic Plant Management Society, Inc.
Uncontrolled Keywords: waterhyacinth; light reflectance; aerial vidography; hydrilla; Hydrilla verticillata; Eichhornia crassipes; Rio Grande River, Texas; Texas; global positioning system; geographic information system; aquatic weeds
Subjects: Biology
Environment
Item ID: 1771
Depositing User: Natalie Wiest
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2008 15:51
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 20:05
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/1771

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