Roberts, Dale Alan (1979) Food habits as an ecological partitioning mechanism in the nearshore rockfishes (Sebastes) of Carmel Bay, California. Masters Thesis, San Francisco State University, 74pp.
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In the kelp forests of Carmel Bay there are six common rockfishes (Sebastes). Three are pelagic (S. serranoides, S. mystinus, and S. melanops) and two are demersal (S. chrysomelas and S. carnatus). The sixth (S. atrovirens) is generally found a few meters above the sea floor. The pelagic rockfishes which are spatially overlapping have different feeding habits. All rockfishes except S. mystinus utilize juvenile rockfishes as their primary food source during the upwelling season. Throughout the non-upwelling season, most species consume invertebrate prey. The pelagic rockfishes have shorter maxillary bones and longer gill rakers than their demersal congeners, both specializations for taking smaller prey. They also have longer intestines, enabling them to utilize less digestable foods. S. mystinus, which has the longest intestine, may be able to use algae as a food source. Fat reserves are accumulated from July through October, when prey is most abundant. Fat is depleted throughout the rest of the year as food becomes scarce and development of sexual organs takes place. Gonad development occurs from November through February for all species except S. atrovirens.
|Title:||Food habits as an ecological partitioning mechanism in the nearshore rockfishes (Sebastes) of Carmel Bay, California|
|Number of Pages:||74|
|Institution:||San Francisco State University|
|Contact Email Address:||Dale_Roberts@nps.gov|
|Issuing Agency:||San Francisco State University|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Rockfishes; Sebastes; Carmel Bay; California|
|Depositing User:||Kit Johnston|
|Date Deposited:||11 Jan 2009 19:56|
|Last Modified:||29 Sep 2011 20:01|
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