A Synoptic View of a Coastal Plain Estuary.

Ulanowicz, Robert E. and Flemer, David A. (1978) A Synoptic View of a Coastal Plain Estuary. In: Nihoul, J. C. J. (ed.) Hydrodynamics of Estuaries and Fjords. Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 1-26.

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During October, 1972 the Patuxent River Estuary was monitored intensively and synoptically over two tidal cycles to determine the spatial and temporal patterns of various hydrodynamic, chemical and biological features. Forty-one depths at eleven stations along nine transects were sampled simultaneously at hourly intervals for salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen, chlorohyll a, particulate nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite, total kjeldahl nitrogen, ammonia, particulate carbohydrate, dissolved organic carbon, total hydrolizable phosphorous, dissolved inorganic phosphorous, suspended sediment, particle size distribution, and zooplankton. Tidal velocity was continuously monitored at each depth by recording current meters. Riverine input and meteorological conditions were relatively stable for two weeks preceeding the deployment. This communication describes the calculation of the intrinsic rates of change of the observed variables from their measured distributions in the Estuary. The steady-state, one-dimensional equation of species continuity is employed to separate the advection and tidal dispersion of a hydrodynamically passive substance frbm its intrinsic rate of change at point. A new spatial transform is introduced for the purpose of interpolation and extrapolation of data.The intrinsic rate of change profiles reveal a region of heavy bloom activity in the upper estuary and a secondary bloom near the point in the River that most of the suspended material settles out. The changes in ammonia and nitrates are highly correlated to the productivity patterns. Phosphorous rates are less closely correlated to productivity. The perturbations that the Chalk Point steam electric power plant have on the heat and oxygen balances are easily discernible.

Item Type: Book Section
Title: A Synoptic View of a Coastal Plain Estuary.
Personal Creator/Author:
Ulanowicz, Robert E.
Flemer, David A.
Corporate Creator/Author: University of Maryland. Center for Environmental Science- CBL
Title of Book: Hydrodynamics of Estuaries and Fjords.
Nihoul, J. C. J.
Refereed: Yes
Page Range: pp. 1-26
Date: 1978
Publisher: Elsevier
Place of Publication: Amsterdam
Additional Information: UMCES (University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science); Contribution No. 766
Subjects: Ecology
Item ID: 2000
Depositing User: Kathleen Heil
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2009 17:18
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2010 16:47
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2000

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