On Selecting the excess temperature to minimize the entrainment mortality rate

Schubel, J. R. and Marcy, B. C., Jr. and Beck, A. D. and Carpenter, E. J. and Coutant, C. C. and Kinsman, B. and Morgan, R. P., III and Robbins, A. S. and Ulanowicz, Robert E. and Woodhead, P. M. J. (1978) On Selecting the excess temperature to minimize the entrainment mortality rate. In: Schubel, J. R. and Marcy, B. C., Jr. (eds.) Power Plant Entrainment: a biological assessment. New York, Academic Press, pp. 211-227.

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Abstract

In selecting an excess temperature at which to operate a power plant cooling system it has been customary to consider only thermal stresses and to use the ratio of the number of organisms killed to the number of organisms entrained. This frequently leads to the selection of a low excess temperature, AT, which, in turn, requires a large volume flow of cooling water. When mortalities due to physical and chemical stresses are included and the total number of entrained organisms killed is taken as the measure of the environmental damage, it becomes evident that the choice of a low excess temperature is seldom, if ever, best.

Item Type: Book Section
Title: On Selecting the excess temperature to minimize the entrainment mortality rate
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Schubel, J. R.
Marcy, B. C., Jr.
Beck, A. D.
Carpenter, E. J.
Coutant, C. C.
Kinsman, B.
Morgan, R. P., III
Robbins, A. S.
Ulanowicz, Robert E.
Woodhead, P. M. J.
Title of Book: Power Plant Entrainment: a biological assessment.
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Schubel, J. R.
Marcy, B. C., Jr.
Page Range: pp. 211-227
Date: 1978
Publisher: Academic Press
Place of Publication: New York
Issuing Agency: University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science. Chesapeake Biological Laboratory
Additional Information: UMCES Contribution No. 809
Uncontrolled Keywords: Power plants; Entrainment; mortality; Univ. of Md. Center for Environmental Science- CBL
Subjects: Ecology
Engineering
Item ID: 2009
Depositing User: Kathleen Heil
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2009 11:50
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2010 16:48
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2009

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