Interactions between adult migratory striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and their prey during winter off the Virginia and North Carolina Atlantic coast from 1994 through 2007

Overton, Anthony S. and Manooch III, Charles S. and Smith, Joseph W. and Brennan, Kenneth (2008) Interactions between adult migratory striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and their prey during winter off the Virginia and North Carolina Atlantic coast from 1994 through 2007. Fishery Bulletin, 106(2), pp. 174-182.

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Abstract

The migratory population of striped bass (Morone saxatilis) (>400 mm total length[TL]) spends winter in the Atlantic Ocean off the Virginia and North Carolina coasts of the United States. Information on trophic dynamics for these large adults during winter is limited. Feeding habits and prey were described from stomach contents of 1154 striped bass ranging from 373 to 1250 mm TL, collected from trawls during winters of 1994-96, 2000, and 2002-03, and from the recreational fishery during 2005-07. Nineteen prey species were present in the diet. Overall, Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus) and bay anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli) dominated the diet by boimass (67.9%) and numerically (68.6%). The percent biomass of Atlantic menhaden during 1994-2003 to 87.0% during 2005-07. Demersal fish species such as Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus) and spot (Leiostomus xanthurus) represented <15% of the diet biomass, whereas alosines (Alosa spp.) were rarely observed. Invertebrates were least important, contributing <1.0% by biomass and numerically. Striped bass are capable of feeding on a wide range of prey sizes (2% to 43% of their total length). This study outlines the importance of clupeoid fishes to striped bass winter production and also shows that predation may be exerting pressure on one of their dominant prey, the Atlantic menhaden.

Item Type: Article
Title: Interactions between adult migratory striped bass (Morone saxatilis) and their prey during winter off the Virginia and North Carolina Atlantic coast from 1994 through 2007
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Overton, Anthony S.overtona@ecu.edu
Manooch III, Charles S.
Smith, Joseph W.Joseph.W.Smith@noaa.gov
Brennan, KennethKenneth.Brennan@noaa.gov
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 106
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 174-182
Date: 2008
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Uncontrolled Keywords: striped bass; Morone saxatilis; Virginia; North Carolina
Subjects: Ecology
Management
Fisheries
Item ID: 2086
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 17 May 2009 17:32
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 19:42
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2086

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