Hydroacoustic surveys: a non-destructive approach to monitoring fish distributions at National Marine Sanctuaries

Kracker, Laura (2007) Hydroacoustic surveys: a non-destructive approach to monitoring fish distributions at National Marine Sanctuaries. Charleston, SC, NOAA/NNational Ocean Service/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, (NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS, 66)

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Abstract

The science of fisheries acoustics and its applicability to resource management have evolved over the past several decades. This document provides a basic description of fisheries acoustics and recommendations on using this technology for research and monitoring of fish distributions and habitats within sanctuaries. It also describes recent efforts aimed at applying fisheries acoustics to Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary (GRNMS) (Figure 1). Historically, methods to assess the underwater environment have included net trawls, diver censuses, hook and line, video, sonar and other techniques deployed in a variety of ways. Fisheries acoustics, using active sonar, relies on the physics of sound traveling through water to quantify the distribution of biota in the water column. By sending a signal of a given frequency through the water column and recording the time of travel and the strength of the reflected signal, it is possible to determine the size and location of fish and estimate biomass from the acoustic backscatter. As a fisheries assessment tool, active hydroacoustics technology is an efficient, non-intrusive method of mapping the water column at a very fine spatial and temporal resolution. It provides a practical alternative to bottom and mid-water trawls, which are not allowed at GRNMS. Passive acoustics, which uses underwater hydrophones to record man-made and natural sounds such as fish spawning calls and sounds produced by marine mammals for communication and echolocation, can provide a useful, complementary survey tool. This report primarily deals with active acoustics, although the integration of active and passive acoustics is addressed as well. (PDF contains 32 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Hydroacoustic surveys: a non-destructive approach to monitoring fish distributions at National Marine Sanctuaries
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Kracker, LauraLaura.Kracker@noaa.gov
Series Name: NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS
Number: 66
Date: 2007
Publisher: NOAA/NNational Ocean Service/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
Place of Publication: Charleston, SC
Issuing Agency: United States National Ocean Service
Additional Information: Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular Research
Subjects: Management
Fisheries
Engineering
Item ID: 2158
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 28 May 2009 20:59
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2014 20:16
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2158

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