Coral Disease and Health Workshop: Coral Histopathology II

Galloway, S. B. and Woodley, C. M. and McLaughlin, S. M. and Work, T. M. and Bochsler, V. S. and Meteyer, C. U. and Sileo, L. and Peters, E. C. and Kramarsky-Winters, E. and Morado, J. F. and Parnell, P. G. and Rotstein, D. S. and Harley, R. A. and Nicholson, J. and Reynolds, T. L. (2007) Coral Disease and Health Workshop: Coral Histopathology II. Charleston, SC, NOAA/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science/Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular ReseaRCH, (NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS, 56)

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Abstract

The health and continued existence of coral reef ecosystems are threatened by an increasing array of environmental and anthropogenic impacts. Coral disease is one of the prominent causes of increased mortality among reefs globally, particularly in the Caribbean. Although over 40 different coral diseases and syndromes have been reported worldwide, only a few etiological agents have been confirmed; most pathogens remain unknown and the dynamics of disease transmission, pathogenicity and mortality are not understood. Causal relationships have been documented for only a few of the coral diseases, while new syndromes continue to emerge. Extensive field observations by coral biologists have provided substantial documentation of a plethora of new pathologies, but our understanding, however, has been limited to descriptions of gross lesions with names reflecting these observations (e.g., black band, white band, dark spot). To determine etiology, we must equip coral diseases scientists with basic biomedical knowledge and specialized training in areas such as histology, cell biology and pathology. Only through combining descriptive science with mechanistic science and employing the synthesis epizootiology provides will we be able to gain insight into causation and become equipped to handle the pending crisis. One of the critical challenges faced by coral disease researchers is to establish a framework to systematically study coral pathologies drawing from the field of diagnostic medicine and pathology and using generally accepted nomenclature. This process began in April 2004, with a workshop titled Coral Disease and Health Workshop: Developing Diagnostic Criteria co-convened by the Coral Disease and Health Consortium (CDHC), a working group organized under the auspices of the U.S. Coral Reef Task Force, and the International Registry for Coral Pathology (IRCP). The workshop was hosted by the U.S. Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC) in Madison, Wisconsin and was focused on gross morphology and disease signs observed in the field. A resounding recommendation from the histopathologists participating in the workshop was the urgent need to develop diagnostic criteria that are suitable to move from gross observations to morphological diagnoses based on evaluation of microscopic anatomy. (PDF contains 92 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Coral Disease and Health Workshop: Coral Histopathology II
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Galloway, S. B.
Woodley, C. M.
McLaughlin, S. M.
Work, T. M.
Bochsler, V. S.
Meteyer, C. U.
Sileo, L.
Peters, E. C.
Kramarsky-Winters, E.
Morado, J. F.
Parnell, P. G.
Rotstein, D. S.
Harley, R. A.
Nicholson, J.
Reynolds, T. L.
Series Name: NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS
Number: 56
Date: 2007
Publisher: NOAA/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science/Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular ReseaRCH
Place of Publication: Charleston, SC
Department: arch
Issuing Agency: United States National Ocean Service
Subjects: Ecology
Health
Environment
Item ID: 2236
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2009 23:31
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2014 20:12
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2236

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