Survey report of NOAA Ship McArthur II cruises AR-04-04, AR-05-05 and AR-06-03: Habitat classification of side scan sonar imagery in support of deep-sea coral/sponge explorations at the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary

Intelmann, Steven S. and Cochrane, Guy R. and Bowlby, C. Edward and Brancato, Mary Sue and Hyland, Jeffrey (2007) Survey report of NOAA Ship McArthur II cruises AR-04-04, AR-05-05 and AR-06-03: Habitat classification of side scan sonar imagery in support of deep-sea coral/sponge explorations at the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary. Silver Spring, MD, NOAA/National Ocean Service/National Marine Sanctuary Program, (Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series, ONMS-0)

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Abstract

Habitat mapping and characterization has been defined as a high-priority management issue for the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary (OCNMS), especially for poorly known deep-sea habitats that may be sensitive to anthropogenic disturbance. As a result, a team of scientists from OCNMS, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), and other partnering institutions initiated a series of surveys to assess the distribution of deep-sea coral/sponge assemblages within the sanctuary and to look for evidence of potential anthropogenic impacts in these critical habitats. Initial results indicated that remotely delineating areas of hard bottom substrate through acoustic sensing could be a useful tool to increase the efficiency and success of subsequent ROV-based surveys of the associated deep-sea fauna. Accordingly, side scan sonar surveys were conducted in May 2004, June 2005, and April 2006 aboard the NOAA Ship McArthur II to: (1) obtain additional imagery of the seafloor for broader habitat-mapping coverage of sanctuary waters, and (2) help delineate suitable deep-sea coral/sponge habitat, in areas of both high and low commercial-fishing activities, to serve as sites for surveying-in more detail using an ROV on subsequent cruises. Several regions of the sea floor throughout the OCNMS were surveyed and mosaicked at 1-meter pixel resolution. Imagery from the side scan sonar mapping efforts was integrated with other complementary data from a towed camera sled, ROVs, sedimentary samples, and bathymetry records to describe geological and biological (where possible) aspects of habitat. Using a hierarchical deep-water marine benthic classification scheme (Greene et al. 1999), we created a preliminary map of various habitat polygon features for use in a geographical information system (GIS). This report provides a description of the mapping and groundtruthing efforts as well as results of the image classification procedure for each of the areas surveyed. (PDF contains 60 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Survey report of NOAA Ship McArthur II cruises AR-04-04, AR-05-05 and AR-06-03: Habitat classification of side scan sonar imagery in support of deep-sea coral/sponge explorations at the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Intelmann, Steven S.
Cochrane, Guy R.
Bowlby, C. Edward
Brancato, Mary Sue
Hyland, Jeffrey
Series Name: Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series
Number: ONMS-0
Date: 2007
Publisher: NOAA/National Ocean Service/National Marine Sanctuary Program
Place of Publication: Silver Spring, MD
Issuing Agency: United States National Ocean Service
Uncontrolled Keywords: Benthic; Habitat mapping; Sediment classification; Side scan sonar; Textural analysis; Deep-sea coral; Essential fish habitat; Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary
Subjects: Ecology
Management
Environment
Item ID: 2281
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2009 00:12
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 19:19
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2281

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