The economic contribution of whalewatching to regional economies: Perspectives from two National Marine Sanctuaries

Barr, Brad and Utech, Dan and Hoagland, Porter and Meeks, Andrew e. (2000) The economic contribution of whalewatching to regional economies: Perspectives from two National Marine Sanctuaries. Silver Spring, MD, NOAA/National Ocean Service/Marine Sanctuaries Division, (Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series, MSD-00)

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Official URL: http://sanctuaries.noaa.gov/science/conservation/p...

Abstract

Whenever human beings have looked out on the sea, they have seen whales. First from the shore and later from ships when humanity entered the ocean realm as seafarers, we have responded to seeing these creatures with awe and wonder. Even when we hunted whales, a period well chronicled both in history and in literature, the sight of a whale brought an adrenaline rush that was not totally linked to potential economic gain. The first trips on boats specifically to watch, rather than hunt, whales began around 45 years ago in Southern California where the migrating gray whales, seen in the distance from land, drew vessels out for a closer look. Since that time whalewatching has boomed, currently conducted in over 40 countries around the world, including Antarctica, and estimated by economists at the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society to have a 1999 worldwide economic value of around $800 million USD. The economic contribution to local coastal communities is particularly significant in developing countries and those where declining fish populations (and in some cases like the Japanese, international bans on whaling) have driven harvesters to look for viable alternatives. Clearly, whalewatching is now, in many places around the world, a small but thriving part of the regional economy. Like in the days of whaling, we still get the rush, but for some, money is back contributing to the physiological response. (PDF contains 90 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: The economic contribution of whalewatching to regional economies: Perspectives from two National Marine Sanctuaries
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Barr, Brad
Utech, Dan
Hoagland, Porter
Meeks, Andrew e.
Series Name: Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series
Number: MSD-00
Date: 2000
Publisher: NOAA/National Ocean Service/Marine Sanctuaries Division
Place of Publication: Silver Spring, MD
Issuing Agency: United States National Ocean Service
Subjects: Conservation
Ecology
Management
Fisheries
Item ID: 2363
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2009 23:38
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 19:13
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2363

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