Mussel Community Studies [Year Three].

Kanter, Robert (1979) Mussel Community Studies [Year Three]. Los Angeles, CA, University of Southern California, Institute of Marine Sciences, (Southern California Baseline Study and Analysis 1977/1978,2-7.0)

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Abstract

The communities associated with Mytilus californianus (mussel) beds from 20 geographic sites in southern California were examined. The study areas included six mainland sites - Government Point, Goleta Point, Ventura, Corona del Mar, Carlsbad, and San Diego,and two sites on opposite sides of seven offshore islands - San Miguel Island, Santa Rosa Island, Santa Cruz Island, Anacapa Island, San Nicholas Island, Santa Cruz Island and San Clemente Island. : The mussel communities from all areas contributed to the master species list which now encompasses conservatively, 610 species of animals and 141 species of algae. The most diverse collection came from Cat Rock, Anacapa Island where the mussel beds supported 174 species of invertebrates. The lowest diversity was recorded for mussel beds from Ben Weston, Santa Catalina Island which contained 46 species. In general, the island mussel beds supported a greater diversity of both animals and plants. Mussel community samples were collected from upper and lower intertidal areas occupied by the mussel beds within a locality. Community differences in both composition and abundance were associated with these collections. Overall. community similarity analysis revealed five major patterns which corresponded to characteristic species assemblages occupying the mussel beds from the various geographic areas. The patterns included: (1) clusters of localities which display a north-south geographic pattern with respect to the similarity of their respective mussel communities, (2) a separation of selected island and mainland communities because of dissimilarities in their species composition, (3) differences between mussel communities. on opposite sides of the offshore islands, (4) clusters of species whose highest abundances characterize selected localities, (5) species groups ubiquitous to all mussel beds examined. The results of the community analysis further suggest that predictions can be made delineating the probable mussel community inhabitants of areas not sampled. The species distribution patterns observed appear to correspond in part to the influence of currents and water masses which bear planktonic larvae and impinge on selected localities. The most important mussel bed features associated with community differences were quantitative and qualitative differences in the potential microhabitats. Those features associate~ with greater species diversity include the pore base of coarse fraction shell and rock debris, skewness and kurtosis of the sediment grain-size distributions and mussel bed thickness. Those features associated with lower species diversity included the quantity of tar. and rock and shell debris trapped within the mussel bed. (PDF contains 51 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Mussel Community Studies [Year Three].
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Kanter, Robert
Series Name: Southern California Baseline Study and Analysis 1977/1978
Volume: 2
Number: 7.0
Date: 1979
Publisher: University of Southern California, Institute of Marine Sciences
Place of Publication: Los Angeles, CA
Projects: Contract AA550-CT7-44 to Science Applications, Inc.
Funders: Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior
Additional Information: Variant title: Southern California baseline study intertidal, year three. "BLM/YN/SR-79-01
Uncontrolled Keywords: California Channel Islands; BLM
Subjects: Ecology
Biology
Environment
Item ID: 2451
Depositing User: Joe Wible
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2009 22:07
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 19:04
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2451

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