EcoGIS – GIS tools for ecosystem approaches to fisheries management

Nelson, David Moe and Haverland, Tim and Finnen, Eric (2009) EcoGIS – GIS tools for ecosystem approaches to fisheries management. Silver Spring, MD, NOAA/National Ocean Service/Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment, (NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS, 75)

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Abstract

Executive Summary: The EcoGIS project was launched in September 2004 to investigate how Geographic Information Systems (GIS), marine data, and custom analysis tools can better enable fisheries scientists and managers to adopt Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management (EAFM). EcoGIS is a collaborative effort between NOAA’s National Ocean Service (NOS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), and four regional Fishery Management Councils. The project has focused on four priority areas: Fishing Catch and Effort Analysis, Area Characterization, Bycatch Analysis, and Habitat Interactions. Of these four functional areas, the project team first focused on developing a working prototype for catch and effort analysis: the Fishery Mapper Tool. This ArcGIS extension creates time-and-area summarized maps of fishing catch and effort from logbook, observer, or fishery-independent survey data sets. Source data may come from Oracle, Microsoft Access, or other file formats. Feedback from beta-testers of the Fishery Mapper was used to debug the prototype, enhance performance, and add features. This report describes the four priority functional areas, the development of the Fishery Mapper tool, and several themes that emerged through the parallel evolution of the EcoGIS project, the concept and implementation of the broader field of Ecosystem Approaches to Management (EAM), data management practices, and other EAM toolsets. In addition, a set of six succinct recommendations are proposed on page 29. One major conclusion from this work is that there is no single “super-tool” to enable Ecosystem Approaches to Management; as such, tools should be developed for specific purposes with attention given to interoperability and automation. Future work should be coordinated with other GIS development projects in order to provide “value added” and minimize duplication of efforts. In addition to custom tools, the development of cross-cutting Regional Ecosystem Spatial Databases will enable access to quality data to support the analyses required by EAM. GIS tools will be useful in developing Integrated Ecosystem Assessments (IEAs) and providing pre- and post-processing capabilities for spatially-explicit ecosystem models. Continued funding will enable the EcoGIS project to develop GIS tools that are immediately applicable to today’s needs. These tools will enable simplified and efficient data query, the ability to visualize data over time, and ways to synthesize multidimensional data from diverse sources. These capabilities will provide new information for analyzing issues from an ecosystem perspective, which will ultimately result in better understanding of fisheries and better support for decision-making. (PDF file contains 45 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: EcoGIS – GIS tools for ecosystem approaches to fisheries management
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Nelson, David Moe
Haverland, Tim
Finnen, Eric
Series Name: NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS
Number: 75
Date: 2009
Publisher: NOAA/National Ocean Service/Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment
Place of Publication: Silver Spring, MD
Issuing Agency: United States National Ocean Service
Subjects: Conservation
Ecology
Management
Fisheries
Item ID: 2475
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2009 23:15
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2014 01:41
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2475

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