Characteristics and causes of Texas marine strandings

Zimmerman, Roger (ed.) (1998) Characteristics and causes of Texas marine strandings. Seattle, WA, NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service, (NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 143)

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Three major mass mortality events occurred on the upper Texas coast during 1994, from January through the second week of May. These events were distinguished by unusually large numbers of dead dolphins, sea turtles, and fishes washing ashore on Texas beaches. The beach stranding of dead animals began in January with bottlenose dolphins. By the end of March, 142 dolphins had washed ashore as compared to about 40 expected. By the latter part of April, dolphin mortalities declined but stranding of dead and comatose sea turtles increased. By the end of April, at least 127 sea turtles had stranded on the Texas coast since the beginning of the year, about double the expected number. Then, during May and June, a third mortality event began with a massive fish kill and more turtle deaths. By the middle of May, mortalities of all species as indicated by beach strandings returned to within expected levels. Nevertheless, 1994 stood out as a record year of marine mass mortalities in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. (PDF file contains 94 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Characteristics and causes of Texas marine strandings
Zimmerman, Roger
Series Name: NOAA Technical Report NMFS
Number: 143
Date: 1998
Publisher: NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service
Place of Publication: Seattle, WA
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Ecology
Item ID: 2534
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2009 20:02
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:50

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