Larvae of Nearshore Fishes in Oceanic Waters near Oahu, Hawaii

Clarke, Thomas A. (1991) Larvae of Nearshore Fishes in Oceanic Waters near Oahu, Hawaii. NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service, (NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 101)

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Larvae of over 50 families of nearshore fishes were taken in oceanic waters about 13 km offshore of the leeward (southwest) coast of Oahu, Hawaii during 1977-78, The five most frequently taken families (Labridae, Parapercidae, Serranidae, Gobiidae, and Carangidae) made up over 50% of the total nearshore larvae. Most other families were taken very infrequently. Comparison of catch data from three types of nets indicated that 1.25-m diameter bongo nets often sampled larvae as well or better than a 3-m Isaacs-Kidd trawl and that smaller, 70-cm diameter bongo nets were often as effective as the larger nets for certain abundant taxa. Only a few taxa showed evidence of seasonal patterns in abundance. Irregular temporal variability in abundance of some taxa may have been related to occasional recent influxes of surface water from closer to shore. Most larvae taken were late preflexion stage or older. Densities of even the most abundant taxa were rarely greater than 0.001 m-3. The nearshore fish larvae were not dominated by taxa with large larvae or with larvae possessing apparent specializations to pelagic existence, Most taxa taken were pelagic spawners as adults, but larvae of demersal spawners were roughly as well represented as demersal spawners are among the nearshore fish fauna. Previous studies of waters closer to shore probably sampled insufficient volumes for any but a few exceptionally abundant taxa. Sampling with volumes filtered of the order of 104-105 m3 will be necessary to determine if the dominant taxa taken by the present study are ever more abundant closer to shore, (PDF file contains 23 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Larvae of Nearshore Fishes in Oceanic Waters near Oahu, Hawaii
Personal Creator/Author:
Clarke, Thomas A.
Series Name: NOAA Technical Report NMFS
Number: 101
Date: 1991
Publisher: NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Ecology
Item ID: 2714
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2009 02:08
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:31

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