Stock assessment of the gulf menhaden, Brevoortia patronus, fishery

Vaughan, Douglas S. (1987) Stock assessment of the gulf menhaden, Brevoortia patronus, fishery. NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service, (NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 58)

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Abstract

A stock assessment of the gulf menhaden. Brevoortia patronus, fishery was conducted with data on purse-seine landings from 1946 to 1985 and port sampling data from 1964 to 1985. These data were analyzed to determine growth rates, yield-per-recruit, spawner-recruit relationships, and maximum sustainable yield (MSY). Virtual population analysis was used to estimate stock size, year-class size, and fishing mortality rates. During the period studied, an average of 27% of age-l fish and 55% of age-2 and age-3 fish were taken by the fishery, and 54% for age-I and 38% for age-2 and -3 fish were lost annually to natural causes. Annual yield-per-recruit estimates ranged from 6.9 to 19.3 g, with recent mean conditions averaging 12.2 g since 1978. Surplus production models produced estimates of MSY from 620 to 700 kilometric tons. Recruits to age-I ranged from 8.3 to 41.8 billion fish for 1964-82. Although there was substantial scatter about the fitted curves, Ricker·type spawner-recruit relationships were found suitable for use in a population simulation model. Estimates of MSY from population simulation model runs ranged from 705 to 825 kilometric tons with F -multiples of the mean rate of fishing ranging from 1.0 to 1.5. Recent harvests in excess of the historical MSY may not be detrimental to the gulf menhaden stock. However, one should not expect long-term harvesting above the historical MSY because of the short life span of gulf menhaden and possible changes from currently favorable environmental conditions supporting high recruitment.(PDF file contains 24 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Stock assessment of the gulf menhaden, Brevoortia patronus, fishery
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Vaughan, Douglas S.
Series Name: NOAA Technical Report NMFS
Number: 58
Date: 1987
Publisher: NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Ecology
Management
Fisheries
Item ID: 2764
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2009 11:48
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:26
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2764

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