Food habits and dietary variability of pelagic nekton off Oregon and Washington, 1979-1984

Brodeur, Richard D. and Lorz, Harriet V. and Pearcy, William G. (1987) Food habits and dietary variability of pelagic nekton off Oregon and Washington, 1979-1984. NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service, (NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 57)

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Abstract

The food habits of 20 species of pelagic nekton were investigated from collections made with small-mesh purse seines from 1979-84 off Washington and Oregon. Four species (spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias; soupfin shark, Galeorhinus zyopterus; blue shark, Prionace glauca; and cutthroat trout, Salmo clarki) were mainly piscivorous. Six species (coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch; chinook salmon, O. tshawytscha; black rockfish, Sebastes melanops; yellowtail rockfish, S. f1avidus; sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria; and jack mackerel, Trachurus symmetricus) consumed both nektonic and planktonic organisms. The remaining species (market squid, Loligo opalescens; American shad, Alosa sapidissima; Pacific herring, Clupea harengus pallasi; northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax; pink salmon, O. gorbuscha; surf smelt, Hypomesus pretiosus; Pacific hake, Merluccius productus; Pacific saury, Cololabis saira; Pacific mackerel, Scomber japonicus; and medusafish, Icichthys lockingtom) were primarily planktonic feeders. There were substantial interannual, seasonal, and geographic variations in the diets of several species due primarily to changes in prey availability. Juvenile salmonids were not commonly consumed by this assemblage of fishes (PDF file contains 36 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Food habits and dietary variability of pelagic nekton off Oregon and Washington, 1979-1984
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Brodeur, Richard D.
Lorz, Harriet V.
Pearcy, William G.
Series Name: NOAA Technical Report NMFS
Number: 57
Date: 1987
Publisher: NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Ecology
Management
Fisheries
Item ID: 2765
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2009 11:48
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:26
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2765

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