Nutrient distributions for Georges Bank and adjacent waters in 1979

Draxler, A. F. J. and Matte, A. and Waldhauer, R. and O'Reilly, J. E. (1985) Nutrient distributions for Georges Bank and adjacent waters in 1979. NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service, (NOAA Technical Report NMFS, 32)

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In this report we describe the temporal and spatial distributions of inorganic nutrients over Georges Bank and in adjacent waters and discuss major features with respect to tbe nutrient environments of pbytoplankton. Nitrate and orthophosphorus were rapidly depleted from the surface layer of much of the study area in spring, but major differences were found between the shallow areas on Georges Bank and the surrounding stratified waters. In the "well-mixed" area of Georges Bank, the depletion encompassed the entire water column and ammonium became the dominant form of inorganic nitrogen throughout. Dissolved silicon was depleted slowly over central Georges Bank, reaching a minimum concentration in September while orthophosphorus gradually increased during the summer. The nutrient environment of phytoplankton over central Georges Bank may be described as vertically uniform but temporally changing in the relative availability of the various nutrients. In areas that undergo stratification (e.g., the central Gulf of Maine), a quasi-steady state was established as the surface water layer formed, consisting of declining nutrient gradients from below the euphotic layer to the top of the water column. These intergrading nutrient environments are relatively stable through time. Destratification reintroduced nutrients to depleted areas beginning in October; however, dissolved silicon was again depleted over shallow Georges Bank in late autumn though nitrate remained abundant. Slope water has been found to enter the bottom layer of the Gulf of Maine via the Northeast Channel. High nutrient concentrations observed in the bottom water of the Northeast Channel are consistent with this mechanism being the nutrient source for the Gulf of Maine. (PDF file contains 40 pages.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Nutrient distributions for Georges Bank and adjacent waters in 1979
Personal Creator/Author:
Draxler, A. F. J.
Matte, A.
Waldhauer, R.
O'Reilly, J. E.
Series Name: NOAA Technical Report NMFS
Number: 32
Date: 1985
Publisher: NOAA/National Marine Fisheries Service
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Ecology
Item ID: 2791
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2009 13:08
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:20

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