Assessing the sustainability of brackish water aquaculture systems in the Philippines. Working Paper 4: Aquaculture and poverty - a case study of five coastal communities in the Philippines

Irz, X.T. and Stevenson, J.R. and Tanoy, A. and Villarante, P. and Morissens, P. (2003) Assessing the sustainability of brackish water aquaculture systems in the Philippines. Working Paper 4: Aquaculture and poverty - a case study of five coastal communities in the Philippines. Reading, UK, University of Reading,

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Official URL: http://www.dfid.stir.ac.uk/afgrp/projects/r8288/WP...

Abstract

After reviewing the rather thin literature on the subject, we investigate the relationship between aquaculture and poverty based on a case study of five coastal communities in the Philippines. The analysis relies on a data set collated through a questionnaire survey of 148 households randomly selected in these five communities. The methodological approach combines the qualitative analysis of how this relationship is perceived by the surveyed households and a quantitative analysis of the levels and determinants of poverty and inequality in these communities. There is overwhelming evidence that aquaculture benefits the poor in important ways and that it is perceived very positively by the poor and non-poor alike. In particular, the poor derive a relatively larger share of their income from aquaculture than the rich, and a lowering of the poverty line only reinforces this result. Further, a Gini decomposition exercise shows unambiguously that aquaculture represents an inequality-reducing source of income. We believe that the pro-poor character of brackish water aquaculture in the study areas is explained by the fact that the sector provides employment to a large number of unskilled workers in communities characterized by large surpluses of labour. Our results also suggest that the analysis of the relationship between aquaculture and poverty should not focus exclusively on the socio-economic status of the farm operator/owner, as has often been the case in the past. [PDF contains 51 pages]

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Assessing the sustainability of brackish water aquaculture systems in the Philippines. Working Paper 4: Aquaculture and poverty - a case study of five coastal communities in the Philippines
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Irz, X.T.
Stevenson, J.R.
Tanoy, A.
Villarante, P.
Morissens, P.
Date: 2003
Publisher: University of Reading
Place of Publication: Reading, UK
Projects: DFID Aquaculture and Fish Genetics Programme (AFGRP), Assessing the sustainability of brackish water aquaculture systems in the Philippines: Research project R8288
Funders: Department for International Development, U.K.
Issuing Agency: Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling
Additional Information: University of Reading (U.K.); Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development (PCAMRD); Cooperation Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement (CIRAD); Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Philippines
Subjects: Aquaculture
Sociology
Item ID: 2903
Depositing User: Ms. Jean Collins
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2010 13:08
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:10
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2903

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