Studies of the sexual development and spawning of yellowfin tuna, Neothunnus macropterus, and skipjack, Katsuwonus pelamis, in three areas of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, by examination of gonads.

Schaefer, Milner B. and Orange, Craig J. (1956) Studies of the sexual development and spawning of yellowfin tuna, Neothunnus macropterus, and skipjack, Katsuwonus pelamis, in three areas of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, by examination of gonads. Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin, 1(6), pp. 281-349.

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Abstract

ENGLISH: Knowledge of the size and age at maturity, spawning seasons, and spawning areas of the tropical tunas supporting the fishery in the Eastern Pacific is an important part of the basic information required for understanding their life history, population structure, and fishery dynamics. Until a few years ago nothing was known of these matters. In 1947 the senior author and one of his colleagues (Schaefer and Marr 1948, Schaefer 1948) were able to demonstrate that both yellowfin tuna and skipjack spawn offshore from Central America at least during the late winter and spring months. During January to April many yellowfin tuna over about 70 cm. total length in commercial catches from that region were found to have gonads in advanced stages of maturity, and specimens caught during late June were found to be spent. Maturing skipjack were collected in late February, and spawned-out fish were observed in late March. Numerous very young juveniles of the yellowfin, down to 10 mm. in length, and two very young juvenile skipjack, were captured in this area between January and May. SPANISH: El conocimiento del tamaño y la edad que corresponden a la primera madurez sexual, así como de las estaciones y áreas de desove de los atunes tropicales que mantienen las pesquerías del Pacífico Oriental, constituyen parte importante de la información que es menester para comprender la historia natural, la estructura de la población y la dinámica de la pesquería. Hasta hace pocos años nada se sabía sobre el particular. En 1947 el autor principal y uno de sus colegas (Schaefer y Marr, 1948; Schaefer, 1948) pudieron demostrar que tanto el atún aleta amarilla como el barrilete desovan en el mar abierto, frente a América Central, por lo menos durante la última parte del invierno y en la primavera. De enero a abril encontraron que muchos de los atunes aleta amarilla de más de 70 cm. de longitud total, procedentes de las pescas comerciales de dicha región; tenían gónadas en avanzados estados de madurez, mientras que ejemplares pescados hacia fines de junio ya habían desovado. Se recolectaron barriletes en vías de maduración a fines de febrero, al paso que en los últimos días de marzo se encontraron especímenes que ya habían desovado. Numerosos ejemplares muy juveniles del atún aleta amarilla, tan pequeños como 10 mm., y dos barriletes también muy juveniles, fueron pescados en esta región entre enero y mayo. (PDF contains 65 pages.)

Item Type: Article
Title: Studies of the sexual development and spawning of yellowfin tuna, Neothunnus macropterus, and skipjack, Katsuwonus pelamis, in three areas of the Eastern Pacific Ocean, by examination of gonads.
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Schaefer, Milner B.
Orange, Craig J.
Journal or Publication Title: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin
Volume: 1
Number: 6
Page Range: pp. 281-349
Date: 1956
Issuing Agency: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
Additional Information: This article is bilingual and contains both Spanish and English translations.
Uncontrolled Keywords: sexual development; spawning; yellowfin tuna; Neothunnus macropterus; skipjack; Katsuwonus pelamis; Eastern Pacific Ocean; gonads; gonadas; desarrollo sexual; desove; atún aleta amarilla; barrilete; Pacífico Oriental
Subjects: Fisheries
Item ID: 2962
Depositing User: Joan Parker
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2010 12:33
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:05
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/2962

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