Studies on the Japanese long-line fishery for tuna and marlin in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean during 1963

Kume, Susumu and Schaefer, Milner B. (1966) Studies on the Japanese long-line fishery for tuna and marlin in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean during 1963. Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin, 11(3), pp. 101-170.

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Abstract

ENGLISH: During 1963, the area of operation of the Japanese long-line fishery in the eastern Pacific further expanded, and total fishing effort increased. Charts are presented showing the distribution of effort and of catch-rates, by species, for major fishing areas; and showing catch-rates by species, by quarters of the year, by areas of one-degree of latitude and longitude. In the newly-exploited region north of 10°N, yellowfin and striped marlin are principal elements of the catch, while in the newly-fished region south of the former fishing areas, south of about 20°S, albacore dominate in the catch. Continued decline in catch rates of bigeye tuna, associated with increased fishing effort, indicates that there has been a real decrease in abundance of this species, and that it may have resulted from effects of the fishery on the stock. Changes in catch rates of yellowfin tuna seem to be associated with effects on the stock by both the long-line fishery and by the near-surface fishery by purse-seiners and bait-boats. Over the short series of years for which data are available, there are no discernible trends in apparent abundance of striped marlin or albacore. Information is presented concerning seasonal and geographical distributions of spawning yellowfin tuna, based on examination of gonads. Analysis of data on size composition of yellowfin tuna for 1958-1964 indicates that the long-line fishery is becoming increasingly dependent on the most recently recruited year class, further confirming the effect of the fishery on the stock. The long-line fishery now takes nearly all of its catch of yellowfin tuna from two year-classes each year, during their third and fourth years of life. SPANISH: Durante 1963 el área de operación de la pesca palangrera japonesa en el Pacífico oriental se extendió más y se incrementó el esfuerzo total de pesca. Se presentan cartas indicando la distribución del esfuerzo y las tasas de captura por especies, para las áreas principales de pesca; y se muestran las tasas de captura por especies y por trimestres del año en áreas de un grado de latitud y longitud. En la región recientemente explotada al norte de los 10°N, los principales elementos de la captura son el atún aleta amarilla y el marlín rayado, mientras aproximadamente al sur de los 20°S en la región recientemente pescada al sur de las primeras áreas de pesca la albacora predomina en la captura. La continua merma en las tasas de captura del patudo en asociación con el incremento en el esfuerzo de pesca, indica que ha habido una real reducción en la abundancia de esta especie y que puede ser el resultado de los efectos de la pesquería sobre el stock. Los cambios en las tasas de captura del atún aleta amarilla parecen estar asociados con los efectos sobre el stock tanto de la pesquería palangrera como de la pesca de superficie por barcos rederos y de carnada. No hay tendencias perceptibles en la abundancia aparente del marlín rayado o la albacora en el corto período de años de los que se disponen datos. Se presenta información referente a la distribución estacional y geográfica del desove del atún aleta amarilla basado en el examen de las gónadas. El análisis de los datos sobre la composición de tallas del atún aleta amarilla correspondiente a 1958-1964 indica que la pesca palangrera depende cada vez más de las clases anuales recientemente reclutadas, confirmando aún más el efecto que tiene la pesquería sobre el stock. La pesquería palangrera coge casi toda su pesca de atún aleta amarilla de dos clases anuales cada año, durante su tercer y cuarto año de vida. (PDF contains 70 pages.)

Item Type: Article
Title: Studies on the Japanese long-line fishery for tuna and marlin in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean during 1963
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Kume, Susumu
Schaefer, Milner B.
Journal or Publication Title: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin
Volume: 11
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 101-170
Date: 1966
Issuing Agency: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
Additional Information: This article is bilingual and contains both Spanish and English translations.
Uncontrolled Keywords: long-line; tuna; marlin; Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean; palangrera; atun; marlin; Oceano Pacifico Oriental Tropical
Subjects: Fisheries
Item ID: 3014
Depositing User: Joan Parker
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2010 03:07
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:04
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3014

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