A quantitative analysis of the phytoplankton of the Gulf of Panama III. General ecological conditions and the phytoplankton dynamics at 8°45'N, 79°23'W from November 1954 to May 1957

Smayda, Theodore J. (1956) A quantitative analysis of the phytoplankton of the Gulf of Panama III. General ecological conditions and the phytoplankton dynamics at 8°45'N, 79°23'W from November 1954 to May 1957. Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin, 11(5), pp. 355-612.

[img]
Preview
PDF (The document's language is [Undefined] .) - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (34Mb) | Preview

Abstract

Bi-weekly phytoplankton samples were collected at 0, 10, and 20 m and enumerated by the Utermöhl sedimentation technique; 14C productivity measurements at 10 m, oblique zooplankton tows, and routine hydrographic observations were also made. Northerly winds induce upwelling during December-April, followed by a rainy season; a slight resurgence in upwelling may occur during July and/or August. Annual variations in upwelling intensity and rainfall occur. During upwelling, the upper 50 m, about 30 per cent of the total volume of the Gulf of Panama, is replaced with water 5 to 10 C colder than the more stratified, turbid and nutrient impoverished watermass present during the rainy season. The mean annual runoff accompanying an average annual precipitation of 2731 mm is estimated to equal a layer of fresh water 3.2 m thick. About 10 per cent of the phytoplankton phosphate and inorganic nitrogen requirements during the rainy season are accreted. (PDF contains 260 pages.)

Item Type: Article
Title: A quantitative analysis of the phytoplankton of the Gulf of Panama III. General ecological conditions and the phytoplankton dynamics at 8°45'N, 79°23'W from November 1954 to May 1957
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Smayda, Theodore J.
Journal or Publication Title: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin
Volume: 11
Number: 5
Page Range: pp. 355-612
Date: 1956
Issuing Agency: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
Additional Information: This article is, in part, bilingual and contains both Spanish and English translations of the summary.
Uncontrolled Keywords: quantitative analysis; Gulf of Panama; phytoplankton ecology; phytoplankton dynamics; análisis cuantitativo; fitoplancton; Golfo de Panama; ecológica; dinámica
Subjects: Oceanography
Item ID: 3024
Depositing User: Joan Parker
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2010 12:07
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 18:02
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3024

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...