Bukar, T.A. and Gubio, A.K.
The decline in the commercially important species of fish and predominance of Clarias lazera in Lake Chad.
In: 4th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON)
About 86 species of fish have been recorded in the Lake Chad. Most of the species occurring in the lake are widespread including most of the commercially important species. Fish distribution in the lake was adversely affected by the 1972/73 and 1983/84 droughts. The commercially important species before the 1972/73 drought were; Lates, Labeo distichodus, Heterotis, Gymnarchus, Hydrocynus, Citharinus and Bagrus. Other species which had less commercial value at that time include, Clarias, Gnathanemus, Polypterus, Protopterus, Tilapia and Synodontis. Lates niloticus was the most predominant species of commercial importance comprising 50-60% of the total catches of fishermen between 1962 and 1973. Before the 1972/73 drought, occurrence of Clarias lazera was negligible and restricted to long line catches and had little commercial value. As a result of the drought of 1972/73 which resulted in near drying up to the northern sector of the lake, fish populations were confined to isolated pools and were completely scooped out. The remaining fish populations retreated to the southern basin where enough water always remained to hold the surviving representatives of the population. The effects of the drought resulted in occurrence of the little known C. lazera along with other hardy species like Tilapia and Protopterus to dominate the existing fish species composition. In 1976, C. lazera dominated the total catches of fishermen with 85.6%. An overview of the fish population in the lake, their relative abundance, changes in species composition, the effects of drought on the fauna of the lake based on the available data are discussed in this paper
Conference or Workshop Item
||The decline in the commercially important species of fish and predominance of Clarias lazera in Lake Chad
||4th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON)
||Fisheries Society of Nigeria
||Nigeria, Lake Chad; droughts; environmental effects; fishery resources; lake fisheries; stock assessment
Ms Maria Kalentsits
||13 May 2010 11:32
||29 Sep 2011 17:31
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