Analysis of variance and standardization of longline hook rates of bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) tunas in the Eastern Pacific Ocean during 1975-1987

Punsly, Richard G. and Nakano, Hideki (1992) Analysis of variance and standardization of longline hook rates of bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) tunas in the Eastern Pacific Ocean during 1975-1987. Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin, 20(4), pp. 165-184.

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Abstract

ENGLISH: Longline hook rates of bigeye and yellowfin tunas in the eastern Pacific Ocean were standardized by maximum depth of fishing, area, and season, using generalized linear models (GLM's). The annual trends of the standardized hook rates differ from the unstandardized, and are more likely to represent the changes in abundance of tunas in the age groups most vulnerable to longliners in the fishing grounds. For both species all of the interactions in the GLM's involving years, depths of fishing, areas, and seasons were significant. This means that the annual trends in hook rates depend on which depths, areas, and seasons are being considered. The overall average hook rates for each were estimated by weighting each 5-degree quadrangle equally and each season by the number of months in it. Since the annual trends in hook rates for each fishing depth category are roughly the same for bigeye, total average annual hook rate estimates are possible with the GLM. For yellowfin, the situation is less clear because of a preponderance of empty cells in the model. The full models explained 55% of the variation in bigeye hook rate and 33% of that of yellowfin. SPANISH: Se estandardizaron las tasas de captura con palangre de atunes patudo y aleta amarilla en el Océano Pacífico oriental por la profunidad máxima de pesca, área, y temporada, usando modelos lineales generalizados (MLG). Las tendencias anuales de las tasas de captura estandardizadas son diferentes a las de las tasas no estandardizadas, y es más que representen los cambios en la abundancia de los atunes en los grupos de edad más vulnerables a los palangreros en las áreas de pesca. Para ambas especies fueron significativas todas las interacciones en los MLG con año, profundidad de pesca, área, y temporada. Esto significa que las tendencias anuales de las tasas de captura dependen de cuál profundidad, área, y temporado se está considerando. Para la estimación de la tasa de captura general media para cada especie se ponderó cada cuadrángulo de 5 grados igualmente y cada temporada por el número de meses que contiene. Ya que las tendencias anuales en las tasas de captura para cada categoría de profundidad de pesca son aproximadamente iguales para el patudo, son posibles estimaciones de la tasa de captura anual media total con el MLG. En el caso del aleta amarilla, la situación es más confusa, debido a una preponderancia de celdas vacías en el modelo. Los modelos completos explican el 55% de la variación de la tasa de captura de patudo y 33% de la del aleta amarilla. (PDF contains 19 pages.)

Item Type: Article
Title: Analysis of variance and standardization of longline hook rates of bigeye (Thunnus obesus) and yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) tunas in the Eastern Pacific Ocean during 1975-1987
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Punsly, Richard G.
Nakano, Hideki
Journal or Publication Title: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission Bulletin
Volume: 20
Number: 4
Page Range: pp. 165-184
Date: 1992
Issuing Agency: Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
Additional Information: This article is bilingual and contains both Spanish and English translations.
Uncontrolled Keywords: analysis of variance; standardization; longline hook rates; bigeye tuna; Thunnus obesus; yellowfin tuna; Thunnus albacares; Eastern Pacific Ocean; análisis de varianza; estandardización; captura con palangre; atunes patudo; aleta amarilla; Océano Pacifico Oriental
Subjects: Fisheries
Item ID: 3496
Depositing User: Joan Parker
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2010 07:07
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 17:18
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3496

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