Wilson, Kenneth C. and Lewis, Robin D. and Togstad, Heidi A.
Artificial reef plan for sport fish enhancement.
Long Beach, CA,
California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Resources Division,
(Marine Resources Administrative Report, 90-15 )
Hard bottom substrate provides habitat for a multitude of marine fishes, invertebrates, and plants - particularly giant kelp - which are of direct and indirect importance to sport and commercial fisheries. These reefs also enhance
esthetic uses of the marine environment. This document sets forth the plan of the California Department of Fish and Game (CDFG) for the construction of artificial reefs.
The plan includes an outline for defining the purpose of reef construction, gathering information pertinent to reef placement and design, selecting a reef site, preparing a project narrative, obtaining permits and approvals for reef construction, developing a general permit for reef construction, and establishing a system of fisheries habitat enhancement areas. Procedures for constructing and mapping
reefs are discussed and an outline for conducting short- and long-term biological studies of reef communities is presented.
Since 1958, CDFG has constructed 31 reefs off southern California. Thirteen of the largest and most frequently used reefs were mapped using hydroacoustic and radio-locating techniques. Maps of these reefs were published in a 1989 CDFG booklet entitled "A Guide to the Artificial Reefs of Southern California".
Since 1978, seven developmental reefs have been constructed: 1) Pendleton Artificial Reef (1980) - San Diego County;
2) Pitas Point Artificial Reef (1984) Ventura County;
3) Marina Del Rey Artificial Reef (1985) - Los Angeles County; 4)Oceanside Artificial Reef (1987) - San Diego County; 5) Pacific Beach Artificial Reef (1987) - San Diego County; 6) Santa Monica Artificial Reef (1987) - Los
Angeles County; and 7) Topanga Artificial Reef (1987) - Los Angeles County. These reefs were built to improve habitat for sport fishes and associated fauna and to evaluate the enhancement characteristics of reefs related to geographic
location, depth, height, rock size, and reef spacing.
Short-term studies revealed that all reefs have provided shelter, food, nesting, and nursery areas for important fish species and have increased sport fishing opportunities. Furthermore, giant kelp has been observed on all reefs built at suitable depths. More extensive long-term studies are planned in 1998 when reef communities will be at successional equilibrium. These studies will provide
additional information concerning the long-term potential of artificial reefs as habitat for sport fish, invertebrates, and plants.
The plan discusses different types of man-made reefs, including developmental, production, and fishing access reefs, and provides examples of each. It documents
CDFG policy regarding the use of reefs as mitigation for impacts on rocky habitat and kelp. It also documents the laws authorizing CDFG to administer reef construction and studies in California. The activities involved in designing,
permitting, constructing, and evaluating Pendleton Artificial Reef are provided as an example of the reef building and study process.
A list of reefs is provided to document the location, depth, area, materials, and funding sources for all reefs constructed and/or augmented in California. (85pp.)
Monograph or Serial Issue
||Artificial reef plan for sport fish enhancement
|Wilson, Kenneth C.|
|Lewis, Robin D.|
|Togstad, Heidi A.|
||Marine Resources Administrative Report
||California Department of Fish and Game, Marine Resources Division
|Place of Publication:
||Long Beach, CA
||California Department of Fish and Game
||16 Oct 2007 13:47
||29 Sep 2011 22:09
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