Fisheries management in the social domain: perspectives from Tanzania's Lake Victoria fishery

Medard, M.N. and Geheb, K. (2000) Fisheries management in the social domain: perspectives from Tanzania's Lake Victoria fishery. In: Geheb, K. and Crean, K. (eds.) The Co-management Survey: co-managerial perspectives for Lake Victoria's fisheries. Jjinja, Uganda, Socio-economic Data Working Group of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Research Project, pp. 117-135. (LVFRP Technical Document,11)

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Abstract

For a long time, the Tanzanian Fisheries Department has managed Tanzanian fisheries without incorporating other stakeholders within its management framework. On lake Victoria, the persistent use of illegal fishing gear and declining catches have led the government to realize that this system of fisheries management may no longer be viable, and have sought to incorporate fishing communities into the management structure. Through the creation of beach management units (BMUs), the Fisheries Departments have sought to persuade fishing communities to implement and enforce Tanzania's fishing regulations and to monitor the fishery. In this paper we explore a recently gathered data set that yields information on, amongst others, how Tanzanian fishing communities perceive the state of their resource base, how they view their relationship with the Fisheries Department, the efficacy of fishing regulations and other variables. We draw on a series of criteria developed by Ostron (1990) for institutional 'robustness' to explore various areas of institutional development on Lake Victoria, and to try and anticipate how the BMUs will fare. We argue there are many socio-political and economic factors that will determine how communities will receive and perceive their responsibilities towards government-imposed administrative structures at the local level, these will become 'socialized' such that they will vary from place to place. While this may bode well for problems of heterogeneity, it does not necessarily mean that fisheries management objective on Lake Victoria will be met

Item Type: Book Section
Title: Fisheries management in the social domain: perspectives from Tanzania's Lake Victoria fishery
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Medard, M.N.
Geheb, K.
Title of Book: The Co-management Survey: co-managerial perspectives for Lake Victoria's fisheries
Editors:
EditorsEmail
Geheb, K.
Crean, K.
Series Name: LVFRP Technical Document
Number: 11
Page Range: pp. 117-135
Date: 2000
Publisher: Socio-economic Data Working Group of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Research Project
Place of Publication: Jjinja, Uganda
Projects: Lake Victoria Fisheries Research Project Phase II
Funders: European Development Fund (7ACP-RPR-372)
Institution: Lake Victoria Fisheries Research Project Phase II
Issuing Agency: Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization
Additional Information: LVFRP/TECH/00/11
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tanzania, Lake Victoria; fishery management; fishery regulations; fishing gear; illegal fishing; socioeconomic aspects
Subjects: Management
Law
Fisheries
Sociology
Item ID: 3692
Depositing User: Ms Maria Kalentsits
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2010 06:54
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 17:02
Related URLs:
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3692

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