The nutritional status of pre-school children, Kainji Lake communities, Nigeria: a baseline survey

Adu, F.A. (1996) The nutritional status of pre-school children, Kainji Lake communities, Nigeria: a baseline survey. New Bussa, Nigeria, Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project, (Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series, 3) (ISBN: 978-037-002-1; ISSN: 1119-1449).

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Abstract

This survey was carried out to provide the Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project (KLFPP), whose overall goal is the improvement of the standard of living of fishing communities around Kainji Lake, Nigeria, and an increase in the availability of fish to consumers, with nutritional status baseline data for long-term monitoring and evaluation of the overall project goal. In a cross-sectional survey, baseline anthropometric data was collected from 768 children, aged 3-60 months in 389 fisherfolk households around the southern sector of Kainji Lake, Nigeria. In addition, data was collected on the nutritional status and fertility of the mothers, vaccination coverage of children and child survival indicators. For control purposes, 576 children and 292 mothers from non-fishing households around Kainji Lake were likewise covered by the survey. A standardised questionnaire was used to collect relevant information, while anthropometric measurements were made using appropriate equipment. Data compilation and analysis was carried out with DATAEASE registered and EPI-INFO registered software, using NCHS reference data for the analysis of anthropometric measurements. The prevalence of stunted children in fishing households was high at 40%, while the prevalence of wasted and underweight children was likewise high at 10% and 29% respectively. Children from non-fishing households had a marginally lower prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight with 37%, 7% and 25 % respectively, although these differences were not statistically significant. Considering the fact that the survey was carried out during a period of relative food abundance, the prevalence of wasting and underweight children is likely to be much higher during periods of food shortage. The prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight was relatively high for children aged 3 to 23 months, suggesting an increased risk of malnutrition during this period, most likely associated with inadequate weaning practices. The prevalence of malnourishment amongst women of child-bearing age was relatively high, irrespective of occupation of the household, with an average of 11% undernourished and 6% wasted. Vaccination coverage was very low while infant and child mortality were extremely high with about 1 in 5 children dying before their fifth birthday. Based on the ethical obligation to maximise the potential benefits of the survey, recommendations for activities to improve community nutrition and health were made for communication to relevant authorities. (PDF contains 52 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: The nutritional status of pre-school children, Kainji Lake communities, Nigeria: a baseline survey
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Adu, F.A.
Series Name: Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series
Number: 3
Date: 1996
Publisher: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Place of Publication: New Bussa, Nigeria
Projects: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Issuing Agency: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (Nigeria Office)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nigeria, Lake Kainji; diets; human food; lake fisheries; nutrition disorders; rural development
Subjects:
Health
Fisheries
Item ID: 3825
Depositing User: Ms Maria Kalentsits
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 10:21
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 16:52
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3825

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