Fishing gear survey of Kainji Lake, northern Nigeria, 1996

Du-Feu, T.A. and Abayomi, O.S. and Seisay, M.D.B. (1997) Fishing gear survey of Kainji Lake, northern Nigeria, 1996. New Bussa, Nigeria, Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project, (Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series, 6) (ISBN: 978-037-005-6; ISSN:1119-1449).

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Abstract

A survey was carried out in September 1996 alongside the annual frame survey of Kainji Lake, Nigeria. As in the previous surveys, there were 6 main fishing gear types in use on the lake, which included gill nets, drift nets, beach seines, cast nets, longlines (baited and foul hooking) acid fishing traps. A total of 813 canoes were sampled. The canoe lengths were similar to the previous gear surveys. Altogether 466 gill nets were measured. They had an average length of 149 m, and were mostly bottom set. Of the gill nets measured 68% had a mesh size below 3 inches the minimum mesh size allowable according to the Niger and Kebbi State Fisheries Edict, 1996. Of concern was the large increase in the number of 1 inch meshed nets recorded on the lake. Drift nets had a mean length of 74 m. A total of 88% of all drift nets measured had a mesh size below 2.5 inches, the minimum mesh size stipulated in the State Edict. A total number of 102 beach seines were sampled with a mean length of 110 m, the mesh size in use on the lake remained as 0.1 inches under the Edict beach seines are banned from fishing in Kainji Lake. The decline in the lengths of the beach seines (and therefore catch rates) recorded since l995 was encouraging in the light of the destructive nature of these nets. A total of 30 cast nets were sampled, they had a mean diameter of 9.8 and a mean mesh size of 1.9 inches. All the nets had a hanging ratio of 0.5. Of the cast nets measured 40% had a mesh size below the minimum size of 2 inches recommended by the State Fisheries Edicts. Of concern was the continued rise in the number of gill nets with mesh sizes less than 2 inches. There were 2 types of longlines in operation on the lake. The baited and the foul hooking longlines. They were mostly bottom set and the hook size nos. 12-14 (Kirby sea hook) were predominant. Two types of fishing traps were identified, one was covered with a mesh of thin cane, one with netting material. The fishing traps had a mean height of 0.8 m and a mean width at the vase of 0.53 m. The mean mesh size used was 0.86 inches. Citharinus was reported as the most targeted of all fish species on the lake. Synodontis membranaceous was also targeted by most gears especially the smaller meshed nets. Labeo and Tilapia were low on the list of targeted species but their incidence remains high in the catches. (PDF contains 27 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Fishing gear survey of Kainji Lake, northern Nigeria, 1996
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Du-Feu, T.A.
Abayomi, O.S.
Seisay, M.D.B.
Series Name: Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series
Number: 6
Date: 1997
Publisher: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Place of Publication: New Bussa, Nigeria
Projects: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Issuing Agency: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (Nigeria Office)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nigeria, Lake Kainji; beach seines; cast nets; catch composition; fishery surveys; fishing gear; gillnets; lake fisheries; longlining; trap nets
Subjects: Fisheries
Item ID: 3836
Depositing User: Ms Maria Kalentsits
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 10:16
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 16:53
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3836

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