The resource appraisal survey of clupeids in Kainji Lake, Nigeria

Omorinkoba, W.S. and Seisay, M.D.B. and Du-Feu, T.A. and Mdaihli, M. (1997) The resource appraisal survey of clupeids in Kainji Lake, Nigeria. New Bussa, Nigeria, Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project, (Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series, 10) (ISBN: 978-037-009-9; ISSN:1119-1449).

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Abstract

This study includes an analysis of the trawl survey that was carried out by the Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project in May, 1997. The objective of the survey was to assess the biomass and the potential yield of clupeids and the carrying capacity of the beach seine fishery in the entire Kainji Lake (Nigeria). The biomass of the beach seine by-catch was also estimated. The density (kg /km super(3)) of the clupeids was higher in the Bussa and Foge than in the other stations. The lowest density of clupeids was in the Anfani station followed by Jetty, both in the southern basin. These stations were the deepest parts of all the areas trawled, measuring between 37-120 m of depth. There was an inverse correlation between depth trawled and the catch rates of clupeids, though the correlation was poor. The average annual biomass of the clupeids was estimated at 36,769.85 Mt in the entire Lake with an MSY of 11,705.95 Mt. The smaller species, Sierrathrissa leonensis, made up about 97% of the total clupeid population in the lake and occurred at a shallower depth than the larger species Pellonula afzeliusi. From the clupeid production statistics in 1996, it is estimated that the MSY is already overshot by 34%. Therefore, about 698 beach seines instead of the present 810 would be sufficient for sustainable exploitation of the clupeid stocks. Because of the substantial by-catch in the beach seines, this fishing method was banned from Kainji Lake in 1997. An offshore open water seine net is recommended to replace the beach seines on the lake. The number of these nets should not exceed 500. The current ban on beach seine is supported by this study. Nevertheless, and since the ban may not be 100% effective, effort should concentrate on maintaining that the number of beach seines must be kept at most at the present level. Recommendation is made against the introduction of the pair trawling not only from an economic point of view but also for resource conservation, legal and social reasons. The development of this fishery could pose a serious danger to continuity of stocks. It is proposed that priority be given to the development of an open water seine which is at the same level of exploitation as the beach seine and requires similar cost to acquire. (PDF contains 39 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: The resource appraisal survey of clupeids in Kainji Lake, Nigeria
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Omorinkoba, W.S.
Seisay, M.D.B.
Du-Feu, T.A.
Mdaihli, M.
Series Name: Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series
Number: 10
Date: 1997
Publisher: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Place of Publication: New Bussa, Nigeria
Projects: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Issuing Agency: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (Nigeria Office)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nigeria, Lake Kainji; clupeoid fisheries; fishery surveys; lake fisheries; potential yield; stock assessment; Clupeidae
Subjects: Conservation
Fisheries
Biology
Item ID: 3840
Depositing User: Ms Maria Kalentsits
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 10:10
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 16:53
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3840

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