The nutritional status of pre-school children, Kainji Lake communities, Nigeria: a follow-up survey

Adu, F.A. (1999) The nutritional status of pre-school children, Kainji Lake communities, Nigeria: a follow-up survey. New Bussa, Nigeria, Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project, (Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series, 17) (ISBN: 978-037-016-1; ISSN:1119-1449).

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Abstract

This survey was carried out to provide the Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project (KLFPP), whose overall goal is the improvement of the standard of living of fishing communities around Kainji Lake, Nigeria, managing the fisheries on a sustainable basis, with follow-up data for long-term monitoring and evaluation of the overall project goal. A similar survey, conducted in 1996, provided the baseline against which data from the current survey was evaluated. In a cross-sectional survey, anthropometric data was collected from 576 children aged 3-60 months in 282 fisherfolk households around the southern sector of Kainji Lake, Nigeria. In addition, data was collected on the nutritional status and fertility of the mothers, vaccination coverage of children and child survival indicators. For control purposes, 374 children and 181 mothers from non-fishing households around Kainji Lake were likewise covered by the survey. A standardised questionnaire was used to collect relevant data, while anthropometric measurements were made using appropriate equipment. Data compilation and analysis was carried out with a specially designed Microsoft Access application, using NCHS reference data for the analysis of anthropometric measurements. Statistical significance testing was done using EPI-INFO" software. The results of the follow-up survey indicate a slight increase in the percentage of stunted pre-school children in fishing households around Kainji Lake, from 40% in 1996 to 41% in 1999. This increase is however not statistically significant (p= 0.704). Over the same period, the percentage of stunted children in non-fishing households increased from 37% to 39% (p= 0.540), which is also not statistically significant. Likewise, there were no statistically significant differences between the 1996 and 1999 results for the prevalence of either wasted or underweight children in fishing households. The same applies to children from non-fishing households. In addition, vaccination coverage remains very low while infant and child mortality rates continue to be extremely high with about 1 in 5 children dying before their fifth birthday. There has been no perceptible and lasting improvement in the standard of living of fishing households over the course of the second project phase as indicated by the persistently high prevalence of stunting. The situation is the same for the control group, indicating that for the region as a whole, a number of factors beyond the immediate influence of the project continue to negatively impact on the standard of living. The results also show that the project activities have not had any negative long-term effect on the nutritional status of the beneficiaries. (PDF contains 44 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: The nutritional status of pre-school children, Kainji Lake communities, Nigeria: a follow-up survey
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Adu, F.A.
Series Name: Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series
Number: 17
Date: 1999
Publisher: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Place of Publication: New Bussa, Nigeria
Projects: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Issuing Agency: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (Nigeria Office)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nigeria, Lake Kainji; diets; human food; lake fisheries; nutrition disorders; rural development; sociological aspects
Subjects:
Health
Fisheries
Sociology
Item ID: 3854
Depositing User: Ms Maria Kalentsits
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 09:56
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 16:45
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3854

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