An evaluation of the pelagic primary productivity and potential fish yield of Kainji Lake, Nigeria

Adeniji, H.A. and Ovie, S.I. and Mdaihli, M. (2001) An evaluation of the pelagic primary productivity and potential fish yield of Kainji Lake, Nigeria. New Bussa, Nigeria, Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project, (Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series, 19) (ISBN: 978-037-018-8; ISSN:1119-1449).

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Abstract

The environmental conditions of Kainji Lake from 1971/72 to date appear to have stabilized to a large extent, judging from the similarity of physico-chemical parameters investigated in this study over the period. Solar radiation (as reflected in variation in temperature) and pH have remained largely constant over the years, while conductivity (index of nutrient enrichment), though significantly higher in 1995/96, could be described as sporadic and needs further monitoring to ascertain its trend in the lake. While water transparency and dissolved oxygen were higher in 1971/72 compared to the other years, these increases cannot be said to be overwhelming. The lower transparency in 1995/96 was due to the exceptional flood of that year and may have also accounted for the poorer dissolved oxygen concentration compared to the other years due to its impact on photosynthesis. There is no evidence from this study to indicate that primary productivity has increased over the years. Consequently, the observed increase in fish yield by the KLFPP from CAS, which is corroborated by estimates from the MEI, cannot be supported on the basis of improved photosynthetic production. The phenomenal high levels of conductivity recorded during certain periods in 1995 (600 mu mhos cm super(-1)) are hitherto unknown in the lake and may indicate a trend towards nutrient enrichment. However, it is premature at this stage to conclude on its long-term impact on primary production and consequently, on fish yield. Secondly, the notion of overfishing in the 80s (Ita, 1993), may need to be further examined as low or dwindling catches could be due to a number of factors among which are the level of fishing effort, the type and efficiency of gears and the intensity of sampling. It would appear that with the intervention of KLFPP, the better management of the lake's fisheries would increase the current level of catch. It also needs to be examined how much of the clupeid fisheries, which is now known to account for a substantial proportion of the total fish yield in Kainji Lake, was included in the sampling of the 80s. (PDF contains 43 pages)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: An evaluation of the pelagic primary productivity and potential fish yield of Kainji Lake, Nigeria
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Adeniji, H.A.
Ovie, S.I.
Mdaihli, M.
Series Name: Nigerian-German Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project Technical Report Series
Number: 19
Date: 2001
Publisher: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Place of Publication: New Bussa, Nigeria
Projects: Nigerian-German (GTZ) Kainji Lake Fisheries Promotion Project
Issuing Agency: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (Nigeria Office)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nigeria, Lake Kainji; biological production; catch/effort; pelagic environment; population number; primary production; stock assessment; yield
Subjects: Fisheries
Biology
Environment
Item ID: 3857
Depositing User: Ms Maria Kalentsits
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2010 09:48
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 16:45
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/3857

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