O'Connell, James and Aiu, Imaikalani and Milnes, Leslie and Smith, Lisa Ellen
The island of Kauai, Hawaii's progressive shoreline setback and coastal protection ordinance.
In: Shifting Shorelines: Adapting to the Future,The 22nd International Conference of The Coastal Society
, June 13-16, 2010
, Wilmington, North Carolina.
Approximately two-thirds of coastal and Great Lakes states have some type of shoreline construction setback or
construction control line requiring development to be a certain distance from the shoreline or other coastal feature
(OCRM, 2008). Nineteen of 30 coastal states currently use erosion rates for new construction close to the shoreline.
Seven states established setback distances based on expected years from the shoreline: the remainder specify a fixed setback distance (Heinz Report, 2000).
Following public hearings by the County of Kauai Planning Commission and Kauai County Council, the ‘Shoreline
Setback and Coastal Protection Ordinance’ was signed by the Mayor of Kauai on January 25, 2008. After a year of
experience implementing this progressive, balanced shoreline setback ordinance several amendments were recently
incorporated into the Ordinance (#887; Bill #2319 Draft 3). The Kauai Planning Department is presently drafting
several more amendments to improve the effectiveness of the Ordinance.
The intent of shoreline setbacks is to establish a buffer zone to protect shorefront development from loss due to
coastal erosion - for a period of time; to provide protection from storm waves; to allow the natural dynamic cycles of erosion and accretion of beaches and dunes to occur; to maintain beach and dune habitat; and, to maintain lateral beach access and open space for the enjoyment of the natural shoreline environment. In addition, a primary goal of the Kauai setback ordinance is to avoid armoring or hardening of the shore which along eroding coasts has been
documented to ultimately eliminate the fronting beach. (PDF contains 4 pages)
Conference or Workshop Item
||The island of Kauai, Hawaii's progressive shoreline setback and coastal protection ordinance
|Smith, Lisa Ellen|
||National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. EPA Coastal Management Branch, U.S. Geolgocial Survey, NOAA Sea Grant
||Shifting Shorelines: Adapting to the Future,The 22nd International Conference of The Coastal Society
||Wilmington, North Carolina
||June 13-16, 2010
||The Coastal Society
||29 Jul 2010 13:22
||29 Sep 2011 16:42
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