The distribution of native and introduced species of crayfish in Austria.
Freshwater Forum, 12,
This account concentrates on the six species of crayfish found in Austria, and the current state of knowledge on their distribution and laws affecting conservation. In general the occurrence and distribution of crayfish in Austria is poorly known, although information obtained by researchers and the general public, after careful checking, is increasing. Three native crayfish species occur in Austria: Austropotamobius torrentium which is relatively widespread, A. pallipes with a restricted distribution, and Astacus astacus which is widespread. Three species of non-native (alien) crayfish have been recorded from a total of 158 localities in Austria. They are Astacus leptodactylus from eastern Europe, and two Nearctic species: Pacifastacus leniusculus and Orconectes limosus. The introduction of alien species causes considerable problems as they act as vectors of crayfish plague and are able to outcompete native species by higher reproductive capacities.
||The distribution of native and introduced species of crayfish in Austria
|Journal or Publication Title:
||Freshwater Biological Association
||Endemic species; Introduced species; freshwater crustaceans; Austria
Hardy B Schwamm
||26 Nov 2010 12:40
||29 Sep 2011 16:11
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