A modelling approach to the development of an active management strategy for the Queen Elizabeth II reservoir

Reynolds, Colin and Irish, Tony and Elliott, Alex (2005) A modelling approach to the development of an active management strategy for the Queen Elizabeth II reservoir. Freshwater Forum, 23, pp. 105-125.

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Abstract

This article outlines the outcome of work that set out to provide one of the specified integral contributions to the overarching objectives of the EU- sponsored LIFE98 project described in this volume. Among others, these included a requirement to marry automatic monitoring and dynamic modelling approaches in the interests of securing better management of water quality in lakes and reservoirs. The particular task given to us was to devise the elements of an active management strategy for the Queen Elizabeth II Reservoir. This is one of the larger reservoirs supplying the population of the London area: after purification and disinfection, its water goes directly to the distribution network and to the consumers. The quality of the water in the reservoir is of primary concern, for the greater is the content of biogenic materials, including phytoplankton, then the more prolonged is the purification and the more expensive is the treatment. Whatever good that phytoplankton may do by way of oxygenation and oxidative purification, it is eventually relegated to an impurity that has to be removed from the final product. Indeed, it has been estimated that the cost of removing algae and microorganisms from water represents about one quarter of its price at the tap. In chemically fertile waters, such as those typifying the resources of the Thames Valley, there is thus a powerful and ongoing incentive to be able to minimise plankton growth in storage reservoirs. Indeed, the Thames Water company and its predecessor undertakings, have a long and impressive history of confronting and quantifying the fundamentals of phytoplankton growth in their reservoirs and of developing strategies for operation and design to combat them. The work to be described here follows in this tradition. However, the use of the model PROTECH-D to investigate present phytoplankton growth patterns in the Queen Elizabeth II Reservoir questioned the interpretation of some of the recent observations. On the other hand, it has reinforced the theories underpinning the original design of this and those Thames-Valley storage reservoirs constructed subsequently. The authors recount these experiences as an example of how simulation models can hone the theoretical base and its application to the practical problems of supplying water of good quality at economic cost, before the engineering is initiated.

Item Type: Article
Title: A modelling approach to the development of an active management strategy for the Queen Elizabeth II reservoir
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Reynolds, Colin
Irish, Tony
Elliott, Alex
Refereed: No
Journal or Publication Title: Freshwater Forum
Volume: 23
Page Range: pp. 105-125
Date: 2005
ISSN: 0961-4664
Issuing Agency: Freshwater Biological Association
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water reservoirs; Water quality; Water management; Phytoplankton; Modelling; Models; England; Thames River; Queen Elizabeth II Reservoir
Subjects: Ecology
Limnology
Item ID: 4705
Depositing User: Hardy B Schwamm
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2011 12:47
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 16:03
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/4705

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