Kämäri, Juha and Rekolainen , Seppo (2005) Models in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive - benchmarking as part of the modelling proccess. Freshwater Forum, 23, pp. 166-170.
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The Water Framework Directive (WFD; European Commission 2000) is a framework for European environmental legislation that aims at improving water quality by using an integrated approach to implement the necessary societal and technical measures. Assessments to guide, support, monitor and evaluate policies, such as the WFD, require scientific approaches which integrate biophysical and human aspects of ecological systems and their interactions, as outlined by the International Council for Science (2002). These assessments need to be based on sound scientific principles and address the environmental problems in a holistic way. End-users need help to select the most appropriate methods and models. Advice on the selection and use of a wide range of water quality models has been developed within the project Benchmark Models for the Water Framework Directive (BMW). In this article, the authors summarise the role of benchmarking in the modelling process and explain how such an archive of validated models can be used to support the implementation of the WFD.
|Title:||Models in the implementation of the Water Framework Directive - benchmarking as part of the modelling proccess|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Freshwater Forum|
|Page Range:||pp. 166-170|
|Issuing Agency:||Freshwater Biological Association|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Environmental monitoring; Modelling; Legislation; Environment management; Inland waters|
|Depositing User:||Hardy B Schwamm|
|Date Deposited:||11 Jan 2011 13:46|
|Last Modified:||29 Sep 2011 17:59|
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