Biodiversity of macrozoobenthos in a large river, the Austrian Danube, including quantitative studies in a free-flowing stretch below Vienna: a short review

Humpesch, Uwe and Fesl, Christian (2005) Biodiversity of macrozoobenthos in a large river, the Austrian Danube, including quantitative studies in a free-flowing stretch below Vienna: a short review. Freshwater Forum, 24, pp. 3-23.

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Abstract

The Danube is ca. 2850 km in length and is the second largest river in Europe. The Austrian part of the Danube falls 156 metres in altitude over its 351 km length and, since the early 1950s, the river has been developed into a power-generating waterway, so that the continuity of the river is now interrupted by ten impounded areas. Only two stretches of the original free-flowing river are left, the Wachau region (above river-km 2005, west of Vienna) and the region downstream from the impoundment at Vienna (river-km 1921). Most of the recent theories and concepts related to invertebrates, in the context of the ecology of running waters, are based on studies on small streams, whereas investigations of large rivers have played a minor role for a long time, mainly due to methodological difficulties. The authors' recent detailed studies on macroinvertebrates in the free-flowing section of the Danube below Vienna, provide an excellent opportunity to survey or restate scientific hypotheses on the basis of a large river. In this review the main interest focuses on the investigation of biodiversity, i.e. the number of species and their relative proportions in the whole invertebrate community, as well as major governing environmental factors. The article summarises the species composition, the important environmental variables at the river cross-section and the effect of upstream impoundment on the riverbed and its fauna.

Item Type: Article
Title: Biodiversity of macrozoobenthos in a large river, the Austrian Danube, including quantitative studies in a free-flowing stretch below Vienna: a short review
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Humpesch, Uwe
Fesl, Christian
Refereed: No
Journal or Publication Title: Freshwater Forum
Volume: 24
Page Range: pp. 3-23
Date: 2005
ISSN: 0961-4664
Issuing Agency: Freshwater Biological Association
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rivers; Fluvial features; Biodiversity; Species diversity; Zoobenthos; Stream flow; Indicator species; Austria; Danube
Subjects: Ecology
Limnology
Item ID: 4711
Depositing User: Hardy B Schwamm
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2011 12:45
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 15:59
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/4711

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