Callieri, C. (2008) Picophytoplankton in freshwater ecosystems: the importance of small-sized phototrophs. Freshwater Reviews, 1(1), pp. 1-28. 10.1608/FRJ-1.1.1Full text not available from this repository.
About 40 years have passed since the discovery of picophytoplankton; the present knowledge of the taxonomy, physiology and ecology of these tiny photoautotrophic cells offers new perspectives on the importance of the microbial contribution to global biogeochemical cycles and food webs. This review focuses on the relationships among the components of picophytoplankton (picocyanobacteria and the picoplanktic eukaryotes) and biotic and abiotic environmental factors. The dynamics of picophytoplankton in aquatic ecosystems are strictly dependent upon basin size and trophy, temperature, and nutrient and light limitation, but they are also regulated by grazing and viral-induced lysis. The review considers: the pros and cons of the molecular approach to the study of the taxonomy of freshwater Synechococcus spp.; the importance of ecological aspects in understanding the puzzle of picophytoplankton phylogeny (genotype vs ecotype); and the role of biotic vs abiotic interactions in controlling picophytoplankton dynamics. Biotic, top-down control mechanisms are reviewed as well as knowledge of other biological interactions.
|Title:||Picophytoplankton in freshwater ecosystems: the importance of small-sized phototrophs|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Freshwater Reviews|
|Page Range:||pp. 1-28|
|Issuing Agency:||Freshwater Biological Association|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Picoplankton; Taxonomy|
|Depositing User:||Mrs Christine Davey|
|Date Deposited:||12 May 2011 12:07|
|Last Modified:||13 May 2011 11:53|
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