Suter, Jenny M.
An Evaluation of the area stratification used for sampling tunas in the eastern Pacific Ocean and implications for estimating total annual catches.
La Jolla, CA,
Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commision,
(Special Report, 18)
The Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) staff has been sampling the
size distributions of tunas in the eastern Pacific Ocean (EPO) since 1954, and the species composition of the catches since 2000. The IATTC staff use the data from the species composition samples, in conjunction with observer and/or logbook data, and unloading data from the canneries to estimate the total annual catches of yellowfin (Thunnus albacares),
skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), and bigeye (Thunnus obesus) tunas. These sample data are
collected based on a stratified sampling design. I propose an update of the stratification of the EPO into more homogenous areas in order to reduce the variance in the estimates of the
total annual catches and incorporate the geographical shifts resulting from the expansion of the floating-object fishery during the 1990s.
The sampling model used by the IATTC is a stratified two-stage (cluster) random sampling design with first stage units varying (unequal) in size. The strata are month, area, and set type. Wells, the first cluster stage, are selected to be sampled only if all of the fish were caught in the same month, same area, and same set type. Fish, the second cluster stage, are sampled for lengths, and independently, for species composition of the catch. The EPO is divided into 13 sampling areas, which were defined in 1968, based on the catch distributions of yellowfin and skipjack tunas. This area stratification does not reflect the multi-species, multi-set-type fishery of today. In order to define more homogenous areas, I used agglomerative cluster analysis to look for groupings of the size data and the catch and effort data for 2000–2006. I plotted the results from both datasets against the IATTC Sampling Areas, and then created new areas. I also used the results of the cluster analysis to update the substitution scheme for strata with catch, but no sample. I then calculated the total annual catch (and variance) by species by stratifying the data into new Proposed Sampling Areas and compared the results to those
reported by the IATTC. Results showed that re-stratifying the areas produced smaller variances of the catch estimates for some species in some years, but the results were not significant.
Monograph or Serial Issue
||An Evaluation of the area stratification used for sampling tunas in the eastern Pacific Ocean and implications for estimating total annual catches
|Suter, Jenny M.|
|Number of Pages:
||Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commision
|Place of Publication:
||La Jolla, CA
||Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission
||04 Oct 2011 12:48
||04 Oct 2011 12:50
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