Pacific bonito management information document

Collins, R. and Huppert, D. and MacCall, A. and Radovich, J. and Stauffer, G. (1980) Pacific bonito management information document. Long Beach, CA, California Department of Fish and Game, (Marine Resources Technical Report, 44)

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Management of Pacific bonito in California is examined in this Management Information Document by a State-Federal team of scientists. Abundance of Pacific bonito in southern California has fallen dramatically between the 1963-1969 period and the 1974-1977 period. Since 1976 the commercia1 fleet has found few large fish in southern California, and has caught fish in the size range of 15 to 57 cm (1.2 to 4.7 pounds). This fact, coupled with the low abundance indices, point out the need for a more active management regime. To develop management measures for the California bonito fishery both a surplus yield analysis and a yield-per-recruit analysis were performed. A maximum sustained yield of 10,000 short tons was estimated for the fishery in southern California, while the whole fishery, including Baja California, has an estimated MSY of 13,000 tons. In order to achieve this level of catch, however, the stock abundance must be increased by a factor of five. Yield-per-recruit considerations suggest that a minimum size limit in the commercial fishery has two important effects. A three-pound size limit could result in a slight increase in yield-per-recruit. If the size limit is increased to 5 or 7.5 lbs, the yield-per-recruit would fall significantly. Offsetting the effect on yield-per-recruit, however, would be a substantial increase in average amount of spawning per recruit which should result in a proportional increase in recruitment. With the current depressed stock abundance both a reduced annual take and a minimum size limit on commercial catch would confer substantial benefits in the form of an increase in the future stock size. After considering seven different types of management measures, the team finds that three types -- an annual commercial catch quota, a commercial size limit, and a recreational bag limit -- appear desirable. Re-establishment of the stock in southern California was the major consideration in this evaluation because the stock is currently depressed. All segments of the fishery will benefit from a more abundant resource. The difficult issues for policy, however, concern the rate of rebuilding, the degree of risk that is acceptable, and the distribution of benefits among user groups. By judicious choice among the options discussed here, a variety of positions can be established with respect to these issues. The greater the size limit, for instance, the more benefit is provided the recreational sector while difficulties are imposed upon commercial fishermen. The higher the quotas adopted, the slower the stock rebuilding and the greater the risk of continued stock depletion. A final reconciliation of the management options involves social, political and legal considerations which must be thoroughly incorporated by decision-makers before adoption of a management plan. (93pp.)

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: Pacific bonito management information document
Personal Creator/Author:
Collins, R.
Huppert, D.
MacCall, A.
Radovich, J.
Stauffer, G.
Series Name: Marine Resources Technical Report
Number: 44
Date: 1980
Publisher: California Department of Fish and Game
Place of Publication: Long Beach, CA
Issuing Agency: California Department of Fish and Game
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pacific bonito; Sarda chiliensis; California;
Subjects: Management
Item ID: 713
Depositing User: Joan Parker
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2008 19:55
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 21:40

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