Ugwu, L.L.C. and Ude , E.F. and Nwamba, H.O. and Chima, I.N.
Effect of crude oil and some petroleum products on Clarias Gariepinus fingerlings (Catfish: Claridae).
Continental Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science , 5(1),
Ninety (90) hatchery bred fingerlings of Clarias gariepinus (mean weight: 0.96 ± 0.1g) were randomly placed in 15 plastic baths (25 litres each) at the Research laboratory and were exposed to different concentrations of oil products to determine their effects on the fish, to facilitate inferential deductions that will enhance effective aquatic environmental management. Three (3) replicate basins of 5 experimental treatments (crude oil, petrol oil, kerosene oil, engine oil and control) were used at a concentration of 1.25ml. L-1. The control experiment was devoid of oil treatment. Six (6) fingerlings were placed in each replicate basin, flooded with 20 litres of clean tap water and fed with nutrafin cichilid food, 2 times daily at 3% body weight. The results showed that the feeding behaviour and swimming performances of fish were reduced after 24 hours of the addition of the various oil pollutants. Mortality of fingerlings in the oiled basins increased as the hours of exposure increased (i.e. 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours). Recovery was not immediate in the treated basin while surviving fingerlings in the control basins grew up to post-fingerlings after 90 days (3 months). There were significant differences (P<0.01 and P<0.05) in the effect of crude oil and the petroleum products on the mortality rate of C. gariepinus when exposed to oil pollutants at 1.25ml. L-1 concentration
||Effect of crude oil and some petroleum products on Clarias Gariepinus fingerlings (Catfish: Claridae)
|Ude , E.F.|
|Journal or Publication Title:
||Continental Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science
|Contact Email Address:
||Clarias gariepinus; mortality; pollutant; fingerlings
Mr Francis Abulude
||08 Dec 2011 10:15
||14 Feb 2013 11:04
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