Production primaire, secondaire et régéneration des sels nutritifs dans l'upwelling de Mauritanie

Herbland, A. and Le Borgne, R. and Voituriez, B. (1973) Production primaire, secondaire et régéneration des sels nutritifs dans l'upwelling de Mauritanie. Documents Scientifiques, Centre de Recherches Océanographiques, Abidjan, 4(1), pp. 1-75.

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Abstract

Primary and secondary productions and nutrient regeneration in the Mauritanian upwelling area were studied by following a drogue for 9 days, from the point of upwelling till the water mass dives under offshore waters. The lag between phytoplanktonic bloom, zooplanktonic peak and bacterial activity is very short and may be explained by a well-settled biological cycle connected with an undercurrent. Organic production was estimated in two ways: (1) from chlorophyll 'a' values, considering a C/Chla ratio of 25 during the 5.5 day phytoplankton growth period, primary production computed by this method reaches 13.5 g C/m2; (2) from 14C values net primary production calculated for the same period reaches 10.5 g C/m2 and total organic production (net production + organic excretion) reaches 19.5 g C/m2. Organic production computed ratios, delta O/ delta C/ delta N/ delta Si/ delta P are equal to 130/43/11/7.4/1. Secondary production and 'grazing' are estimated from mesozooplankton respiration values and have a huge increase during the bloom. Net secondary production is assessed to be 1.0-4.2 g C/m2 for 6 days. Evidence of nutrient regeneration as ammonia, phosphate and silicate is given and regeneration rates are calculated. Zooplankton excretion plays an important part in nitrogen and phosphorus regeneration. Bacterial activity is induced by zooplankton organic excretion, then increased by phytoplankton decomposition at the end of the bloom.

Item Type: Article
Title: Production primaire, secondaire et régéneration des sels nutritifs dans l'upwelling de Mauritanie
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Herbland, A.
Le Borgne, R.
Voituriez, B.
Journal or Publication Title: Documents Scientifiques, Centre de Recherches Océanographiques, Abidjan
Volume: 4
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-75
Date: March 1973
Issuing Agency: Centre de Recherches Océanographiques, Côte d'Ivoire
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mauritania; upwelling; phytoplankton; zooplankton
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Oceanography
Item ID: 8024
Depositing User: Ms Maria Kalentsits
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2012 09:08
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2012 09:08
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8024

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