An evaluation of the survival of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)fry stocked in eight streams in the North West of England.

Farooqi, M.A. and Aprahamian, M.W. (1995) An evaluation of the survival of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)fry stocked in eight streams in the North West of England. Warrington, UK, National Rivers Authority North West, 27pp. (NRA/NW/FTR/95/8).

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Abstract

Eight streams from the North West of England were stocked with Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) fed fry at densities ranging from 1 to 4/m2 over a period of up to three years to evaluate survival to the end of the first an d second growing periods and hence assess the value of stocking as a management practice. Survival to the end of the first growin g period (mean duration of 108 days) was found to vary between 7.8 and 41.3% with a mean of 22% and CV of 0.44. Survival from the end of the first growing period to the end of the second growing period (mean duration of 384 days) ranged from 19.9 to 34.1% with a mean of 26.3% and CV of 0.21. Survival was found to be positively related to 0+ trout density (P < 0.05) and negatively related to altitude (P < 0.05). A comparison of the raw survival data (non standardised with respect to duration of experiments) with that from other studies in relation to stocking densities revealed a negative relationship between fry survival and stocking density (P < 0.05). Densities in excess of 5/m2 tended to result in lower levels of survival. Post stocking fry dispersal patterns were examined for the 1991 data. On average 86.7% of the number of fry surviving remained within the stocked zone by the end of the first growing period. With the exception of one stream there was little in the way of dispersal beyond the stocked zone. The dispersal pattern approximated to the normal distribution (P < 0.05). It was estimated that stocking can result in a net gain of fish to a river system compared with natural productivity, however the numerical significance of this gain and its cost effectiveness need to be determined on a river specific basis.

Item Type: Monograph or Serial Issue
Title: An evaluation of the survival of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)fry stocked in eight streams in the North West of England.
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Farooqi, M.A.
Aprahamian, M.W.
Number of Pages: 27
Date: July 1995
Publisher: National Rivers Authority North West
Place of Publication: Warrington, UK
Funders: Environment Agency Archives North West
Contact Email Address: dis@fba.org.uk
Issuing Agency: Environment Agency, UK (Freshwater Biological Association)
Uncontrolled Keywords: England; Rivers; River fisheries; Fry; Stocking (organisms); Redds; Marking; Stocking density; Spawning populations; Fish eggs; Distribution; Survival
Subjects: Ecology
Fisheries
Limnology
Item ID: 8083
Depositing User: Hardy B Schwamm
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2012 17:34
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 17:34
Related URLs:
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8083

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