Comparison of habitat-based indices of abundance with fishery-independent biomass estimates from bottom trawl surveys

Rooper, Christopher N. and Martin , Michael H. (2012) Comparison of habitat-based indices of abundance with fishery-independent biomass estimates from bottom trawl surveys. Fishery Bulletin, 110(1), pp. 21-35.

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Official URL: http://fishbull.noaa.gov/1101/rooper.pdf

Abstract

Rockfish species are notoriously difficult to sample with multispecies bottom trawl survey methods. Typically, biomass estimates have high coefficients of variation and can fluctuate outside the bounds of biological reality from year to year. This variation may be due in part to their patchy distribution related to very specific habitat preferences. We successfully modeled the distribution of five commercially important and abundant rockf ish species. A two-stage modeling method (modeling both presence-absence and abundance) and a collection of important habitat variables were used to predict bottom trawl survey catch per unit of effort. The resulting models explained between 22% and 66% of the variation in rockfish distribution. The models were largely driven by depth, local slope, bottom temperature, abundance of coral and sponge, and measures of water column productivity (i.e., phytoplankton and zooplankton). A year-effect in the models was back-transformed and used as an index of the time series of abundance. The abundance index trajectories of three of five species were similar to the existing estimates of their biomass. In the majority of cases the habitat-based indices exhibited less interannual variability and similar precision when compared with stratified survey-based biomass estimates. These indices may provide for stock assessment models a more stable alternative to current biomass estimates produced by the multispecies bottom trawl survey in the Gulf of Alaska.

Item Type: Article
Title: Comparison of habitat-based indices of abundance with fishery-independent biomass estimates from bottom trawl surveys
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Rooper, Christopher N.
Martin , Michael H.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 110
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 21-35
Date: January 2012
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 8687
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2012 14:48
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2012 14:48
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8687

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