Comparative feeding ecology of two elasmobranch species, Squalus blainville and Scyliorhinus canicula, off the coast of Portugal

Martinho, Felipe and Sá, Cátia and Falcão, Joana and Cabral, Henrique Nogueira and Pardal, Miguel Ângelo (2012) Comparative feeding ecology of two elasmobranch species, Squalus blainville and Scyliorhinus canicula, off the coast of Portugal. Fishery Bulletin, 110(1), pp. 71-84.

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Abstract

The small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula) (Linnaeus, 1758) and the longnose spurdog (Squalus blainville) (Risso, 1826) are two species occurring in the European and western African continental shelves with a wide geographical distribution. In this study, the diet of S. blainville and S. canicula off the Portuguese western Atlantic coast was investigated in 2006 by collecting monthly samples of these two species from local fishing vessels. In the stomachs of both species, crustaceans and teleosts were the dominant prey items, and molluscs, polychaetes, echinoderms, and sipunculids were found in lower abundance. In S. canicula, urochordate and chondrichthyan species were also observed in stomachs and were classified as accidental prey items. Scyliorhinus canicula consumed a broader group of prey items than did S. blainville. A significant diet overlap was observed, despite both species occupying different depth ranges over the continental shelf. Scyliorhinus canicula exhibited a consistency in diet composition among seasons, sexes, and maturity stages. Nonetheless, for both adults and juveniles, an increase in relative abundance of teleosts in the diet was observed in the spring and summer. This study provides evidence of the importance of S. canicula and S. blainville as benthic and pelagic predators along the western Atlantic coast.

Item Type: Article
Title: Comparative feeding ecology of two elasmobranch species, Squalus blainville and Scyliorhinus canicula, off the coast of Portugal
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Martinho, Felipe
Sá, Cátia
Falcão, Joana
Cabral, Henrique Nogueira
Pardal, Miguel Ângelo
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 110
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 71-84
Date: January 2012
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 8691
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2012 14:48
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2012 14:48
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8691

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