Analysis of permanent magnets as elasmobranch bycatch reduction devices in hook-and-line and longline trials

O'Connell, Craig P. and Abel, Daniel C. and Stroud, Eric M. and Rice, Patrick H. (2011) Analysis of permanent magnets as elasmobranch bycatch reduction devices in hook-and-line and longline trials. Fishery Bulletin, 109(4), pp. 394-401.

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Abstract

Previous studies indicate that elasmobranch fishes (sharks, skates and rays) detect the Earth’s geomagnetic field by indirect magnetoreception through electromagnetic induction, using their ampullae of Lorenzini. Applying this concept, we evaluated the capture of elasmobranchs in the presence of permanent magnets in hook-and-line and inshore longline fishing experiments. Hooks with neodymium-iron-boron magnets significantly reduced the capture of elasmobranchs overall in comparison with control and procedural control hooks in the hook-and-line experiment. Catches of Atlantic sharpnose shark (Rhizoprionodon terraenovae) and smooth dogfish (Mustelus canis) were signif icantly reduced with magnetic hook-and-line treatments, whereas catches of spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias) and clearnose skate (Raja eglanteria) were not. Longline hooks with barium-ferrite magnets significantly reduced total elasmobranch capture when compared with control hooks. In the longline study, capture of blacktip sharks (Carcharhinus limbatus) and southern stingrays (Dasyatis americana) was reduced on magnetic hooks, whereas capture of sandbar shark (Carcharhinus plumbeus) was not affected. Teleosts, such as red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus), Atlantic croaker (Micropogonias undulatus), oyster toadfish (Opsanus tau), black sea bass (Centropristis striata), and the bluefish (Pomatomas saltatrix), showed no hook preference in either hook-and-line or longline studies. These results indicate that permanent magnets, although eliciting species-specific capture trends, warrant further investigation in commercial longline and recreational fisheries, where bycatch mortality is a leading contributor to declines in elasmobranch populations.

Item Type: Article
Title: Analysis of permanent magnets as elasmobranch bycatch reduction devices in hook-and-line and longline trials
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
O'Connell, Craig P.
Abel, Daniel C.
Stroud, Eric M.
Rice, Patrick H.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 109
Number: 4
Page Range: pp. 394-401
Date: 2011
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 8699
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2012 14:50
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2012 14:50
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8699

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