Comparison of life history parameters for landed and discarded fish captured off the southeastern United States

Stephen, Jessica A. and Harris, Patrick J. and Reichert, Marcel J. M. (2011) Comparison of life history parameters for landed and discarded fish captured off the southeastern United States. Fishery Bulletin, 109(3), pp. 292-304.

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Abstract

Commercial fisheries that are managed with minimum size limits protect small fish of all ages and may affect size-selective mortality by the differential removal of fast growing fish. This differential removal may decrease the average size at age, maturation, or sexual transition of the exploited population. When fishery-independent data are not available, a comparison of life history parameters of landed with those of discarded fish (by regulation) will indicate if differential mortality is occurring with the capture of young but large fish (fast growing phenotypes). Indications of this differential size-selective mortality would include the following: the discarded portion of the target fish would have similar age ranges but smaller sizes at age, maturation, and sexual transition as that of landed fish. We examined three species with minimum size limits but different exploitation histories. The known heavily exploited species (Rhomboplites aurorubens [vermilion snapper] and Pagrus pagrus [red porgy]) show signs of this differential mortality. Their landed catch includes many young, large fish, whereas discarded fish had a similar age range and mean ages but smaller sizes at age than the landed fish. The unknown exploited species, Mycteroperca phenax (scamp), showed no signs of differential mortality due to size-selective fishing. Landed catch consisted of old, large fish and discarded scamp had little overlap in age ranges, had significantly different mean ages, and only small differences in size at age when compared to comparable data for landed fish.

Item Type: Article
Title: Comparison of life history parameters for landed and discarded fish captured off the southeastern United States
Personal Creator/Author:
CreatorsEmail
Stephen, Jessica A.
Harris, Patrick J.
Reichert, Marcel J. M.
Refereed: Yes
Journal or Publication Title: Fishery Bulletin
Volume: 109
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 292-304
Date: 2011
ISSN: 0090-0656
Issuing Agency: United States National Marine Fisheries Service
Subjects: Biology
Ecology
Fisheries
Item ID: 8708
Depositing User: Patti M. Marraro
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2012 14:52
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2012 14:52
URI: http://aquaticcommons.org/id/eprint/8708

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