Martinez, Ricardo J. Saldierna and Medina, Gerardo Aceves and Navarro, Enrique A. González (2010) Larval development of the spotfin tonguefish (Symphurus oligomerus Mahadeva and Munroe, 1990) (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae) from the Gulf of California, Mexico. Fishery Bulletin, 108(1), pp. 45-55.
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Larval and early juvenile stages of Symphurus oligomerus are described from 24 specimens from the Gulf of California. Meristic features were 48 – 49 total vertebrae, 87–94 dorsal-fin rays, 73–77 anal-fin rays, 12 caudal-fin rays, and five hypural bones. Seven larvae and one juvenile were cleared and stained to obtain the pterygiophore formula (1-3-2-2-2) that confirmed the identification of S. oligomerus. The pigment pattern from preflexion to juvenile stage consists of three bands on the dorsal margin and two bands on the ventral margin formed by star-shaped melanophores on the left side of the body. The intestine in preflexion to postflexion larvae forms an abdominal projection that ends in a short conical appendix. The intestine is supported by three cartilaginous struts; larvae with these physical attributes are called exterilium larvae. Preflexion larvae have two elongated dorsal-fin rays, and in flexion to postflexion larvae the second to the fourth dorsalfin rays are elongate. We found an apparent connection between the size at metamorphosis of the species of Symphurus and the depth distribution range of adults such that the fish species that metamorphose at a larger size have a deeper distribution as adults and exterilium larvae seem to correspond to species that have deeper distributions.
|Title:||Larval development of the spotfin tonguefish (Symphurus oligomerus Mahadeva and Munroe, 1990) (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae) from the Gulf of California, Mexico|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Fishery Bulletin|
|Page Range:||pp. 45-55|
|Issuing Agency:||United States National Marine Fisheries Service|
|Depositing User:||Patti M. Marraro|
|Date Deposited:||10 Jun 2012 11:02|
|Last Modified:||10 Jun 2012 11:02|
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